Graduate studies at Western
Asian Philosophy 22 (2):161-175 (2012)
|Abstract||Phenomena like the happiness of the wicked or the misfortune of the worthies were for Confucian thinkers, just as for Christian theologians, puzzles that their ?theories on fortune and misfortune?, just like Theodicies in the West, were trying, with some difficulty, to explain or rationalize. This article first surveys some standard explanations of the phenomena given by scholars of eighteenth-century Japan within the framework of the available monist, rationalist paradigms. Afterward, it turns to another type of representation of the world that could answer the puzzles?not, it should be stressed, by solving them, but rather by dis-solving them: by making them disappear as problems. In this new representation, for which many inhabitants of industrialized societies today have much affinity, the world in which humans live is ruled by many independent and mutually irreducible rationalities?economic, productive, military, moral (under various forms), political, physical, etc. If humans view the world in such manner, they are certainly confronted by many questions?for example the need to order or prioritize those logics in order to achieve an overarching order?but they are delivered at least of one burden: the necessity to justify scandals like the happiness of the wicked. Most such tragedies arise then simply from the encounter of different rationalities qua independent rationalities: say, the encounter of the physical laws that produce devastating earthquakes with the moral principles that lead us to attach value to human lives. There is no mystery to explain, just a tragedy to lament. The article thus captures the most important developments in political, social and economic thought of the Japanese eighteenth century through the concept of concurrent rationalities, following the thread of the treatments of the puzzle of the happy villains|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Fred Feldman (2010). What is This Thing Called Happiness? Oxford University Press.
Jonathan B. King (1993). Learning to Solve the Right Problems: The Case of Nuclear Power in America. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):105 - 116.
Vivasvan Soni (2011). Mourning Happiness: Narrative and the Politics of Modernity. Cornell University Press.
Mark Chekola (2007). "Happiness" and Economics. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:175-180.
Carol Graham (2009). Happiness Around the World: The Paradox of Happy Peasants and Miserable Millionaires. OUP Oxford.
John Allen Tucker (1997). Two Mencian Political Notions in Tokugawa Japan. Philosophy East and West 47 (2):233-253.
Anthony Kenny (2006). Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Utility: Happiness in Philosophical and Economic Thought. Imprint Academic.
Wai-Ming Ng (1998). The Yin-Yang-Wu-Hsing Doctrine in the Textual Tradition of Tokugawa Japanese Agriculture. Asian Philosophy 8 (2):119 – 128.
Paul Thompson & Kyle Whyte (2012). What Happens to Environmental Philosophy in a Wicked World? Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (4):485-498.
Bengt Brülde (2007). Can Succesful Mood Enhancement Make Us Less Happy? Philosophica 79:39-56.
Barry Smith (2002). The Meaning of Life and the Measure of Civilizations. In The History of Liberalism in Europe. CREA/CREPHE.
Dan Haybron (forthcoming). Happiness. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Peter Brian Barry (2011). Wickedness Redux. Philo 14 (2):137-160.
Daniel M. Haybron (2003). What Do We Want From a Theory of Happiness? Metaphilosophy 34 (3):305-329.
Sara Ahmed (2010). The Promise of Happiness. Duke University Press.
Added to index2012-06-28
Total downloads8 ( #131,939 of 740,252 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,960 of 740,252 )
How can I increase my downloads?