Graduate studies at Western
Erkenntnis 75 (3):377-390 (2011)
|Abstract||The historical variation of scientific knowledge has lent itself to the development of historical epistemology, which attempts to historicize the origin and establishment of knowledge claims. The questions I address in this paper revolve around the historicity of the objects of those claims: How and why do new scientific objects appear? What exactly comes into being in such cases? Do scientific objects evolve over time and in what ways? I put forward and defend two theses: First, the ontology of science is so rich and variegated that there are no universally valid answers to these questions. Second, we need a pluralist account of scientific objects, a pluralist metaphysics that can do justice to their rich diversity and their various modes of being and becoming. I then focus on hidden objects, which are supposed to be part of the permanent furniture of the universe, and I discuss their birth and historicity: They emerge when various phenomena coalesce as manifestations of a single hidden cause and their representations change over time. Finally, I examine the conditions under which an evolving representation may still refer to the same object and I illustrate my argument drawing upon the early history of electrons|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
E. Montuschi (2004). Rethinking Objectivity in Social Science. Social Epistemology 18 (2 & 3):109 – 122.
E. Montuschi (2004). Rethinking Objectivity in Social Science. Social Epistemology 18 (2-3):109-122.
Gabriele Contessa (2010). Scientific Models and Fictional Objects. Synthese 172 (2):215 - 229.
By Amie L. Thomasson (2006). Metaphysical Arguments Against Ordinary Objects. Philosophical Quarterly 56 (224):340–359.
Amie Thomasson (2006). Metaphysical Arguments Against Ordinary Objects. Philosophical Quarterly 56 (224):340 - 359.
Fernando Birman (2010). Pragmatic Concerns and Images of the World. Philosophia 38 (4):715-731.
Władysław Krajewski (1992). Questions of the Objects of Knowledge and Types of Realism. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 6 (3):205-213.
Stephanie Ruphy (2011). From Hacking's Plurality of Styles of Scientific Reasoning to “Foliated” Pluralism: A Philosophically Robust Form of Ontologico-Methodological Pluralism. Philosophy of Science 78 (5):1212-1222.
Xiang Chen (2007). The Object Bias and the Study of Scientific Revolutions: Lessons From Developmental Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 20 (4):479 – 503.
Hasok Chang (2011). The Persistence of Epistemic Objects Through Scientific Change. Erkenntnis 75 (3):413-429.
Samuel Dubosson (2008). L'ontologie des Objets Culturels Selon Husserl. Studia Phaenomenologica 8:65-81.
Ned Markosian (2000). What Are Physical Objects? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (2):375-395.
Kristie Miller (2008). Thing and Object. Acta Analytica 23 (1):69-89.
Ronald C. Hopson (1972). The Objects of Acceptance: Competing Scientific Explanations. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1972:349 - 363.
Added to index2011-10-17
Total downloads54 ( #22,613 of 739,430 )
Recent downloads (6 months)25 ( #5,018 of 739,430 )
How can I increase my downloads?