David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):513-533 (2000)
Neural organization: Structure, function, and dynamics shows how theory and experiment can supplement each other in an integrated, evolving account of the brain's structure, function, and dynamics. (1) Structure: Studies of brain function and dynamics build on and contribute to an understanding of many brain regions, the neural circuits that constitute them, and their spatial relations. We emphasize Szentágothai's modular architectonics principle, but also stress the importance of the microcomplexes of cerebellar circuitry and the lamellae of hippocampus. (2) Function: Control of eye movements, reaching and grasping, cognitive maps, and the roles of vision receive a functional decomposition in terms of schemas. Hypotheses as to how each schema is implemented through the interaction of specific brain regions provide the basis for modeling the overall function by neural networks constrained by neural data. Synthetic PET integrates modeling of primate circuitry with data from human brain imaging. (3) Dynamics: Dynamic system theory analyzes spatiotemporal neural phenomena, such as oscillatory and chaotic activity in both single neurons and (often synchronized) neural networks, the self-organizing development and plasticity of ordered neural structures, and learning and memory phenomena associated with synaptic modification. Rhythm generation involves multiple levels of analysis, from intrinsic cellular processes to loops involving multiple brain regions. A variety of rhythms are related to memory functions. The Précis presents a multifaceted case study of the hippocampus. We conclude with the claim that language and other cognitive processes can be fruitfully studied within the framework of neural organization that the authors have charted with John Szentágothai. Key Words: cognitive maps; computational neuroscience; dynamics; hippocampus; memory; modular architectonics; neural modeling; neural organization; neural plasticity; rhythmogenesis; Szentágothai.
|Keywords||cognitive maps computational neuroscience dynamics hippocampus memory modular architectonics neural modeling neural organization neural plasticity rhythmogenesis Szentágothai|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
János Szentágothai (1993). Self-Organization: The Basic Principle of Neural Functions. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (2).
Peter F. Dominey (2000). A Moveable Feast. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):537-538.
Michael L. Anderson (2010). Neural Reuse: A Fundamental Organizational Principle of the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (4):245.
Damian Keil & Keith Davids (2000). Lifting the Screen on Neural Organization: Is Computational Functional Modeling Necessary? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):544-545.
Peter Gouras (2000). Analyzing the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):540-541.
A. J. Amos & C. D. L. Wynne (2000). The Organization of Organization: Neuronal Scaffold or Cognitive Straitjacket? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):533-534.
Rolf Kötter (2000). Multiple Personalities and Views of Neural Organization. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):545-546.
Gin McCollum (2001). Navigating the Complex Dynamics of Memory and Desire: Mathematics Accommodates Continuous and Conditional Dynamics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):51-53.
Olaf Sporns (1997). Deconstructing Neural Constructivism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):576-577.
Michael A. Arbib & Peter Érdi (2000). Organizing the Brain's Diversities. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):551-565.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads25 ( #108,415 of 1,700,306 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #88,892 of 1,700,306 )
How can I increase my downloads?