David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Ethics 6 (1):87-102 (2002)
This article defends Richard Titmuss''s argument, and PeterSinger''s sympathetic support for it, against orthodoxphilosophical criticism. The article specifies thesense in which a market in blood is ``dehumanising'''' ashaving to do with a loss of ``imagined community'''' orsocial ``integration'''', and not with a loss of valued or``deeper'''' liberty. It separates two ``domino arguments''''– the ``contamination of meaning'''' argument and the``erosion of motivation'''' argument which support, indifferent but interrelated ways, the claim that amarket in blood is ``imperialistic.'''' Concentrating onthe first domino argument the article considers theview that monetary and non-monetary meanings of thesame good can co-exist given the robustness of certainkinds of relationship and joint undertakings withinwhich gifts can figure. It argues that societalrelationships are vulnerable or permeable to theeffects of the market in a way that those constitutiveof the personal sphere are not.General, more broadly political questions remainunanswered but the core of Titmuss''s original andchallenging argument remains and can be presented ina defensible form.
|Keywords||altruism blood domino argument Eric Mack gift imagined community market personal attributes Peter Singer Richard Titmuss|
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Citations of this work BETA
Erik Malmqvist (2015). Kidney Sales and the Analogy with Dangerous Employment. Health Care Analysis 23 (2):107-121.
Guglielmo Faldetta (2011). The Logic of Gift and Gratuitousness in Business Relationships. Journal of Business Ethics 100 (S1):67-77.
Simon Derpmann & Michael Quante (2015). Money for Blood and Markets for Blood. HEC Forum 27 (4):331-345.
Jeremy Frank Shearmur (2015). The Gift Relationship Revisited. HEC Forum 27 (4):301-317.
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