Peer review for journals: Evidence on quality control, fairness, and innovation

Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (1):63-84 (1997)
This paper reviews the published empirical evidence concerning journal peer review consisting of 68 papers, all but three published since 1975. Peer review improves quality, but its use to screen papers has met with limited success. Current procedures to assure quality and fairness seem to discourage scientific advancement, especially important innovations, because findings that conflict with current beliefs are often judged to have defects. Editors can use procedures to encourage the publication of papers with innovative findings such as invited papers, early-acceptance procedures, author nominations of reviewers, structured rating sheets, open peer review, results-blind review, and, in particular, electronic publication. Some journals are currently using these procedures. The basic principle behind the proposals is to change the decision from whether to publish a paper to how to publish it.
Keywords blind reviews  early acceptance  electronic publishing  innovation  post-publication peer review  results-blind reviews
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s11948-997-0017-3
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
Download options
PhilPapers Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 16,667
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
James V. Bradley (1981). Pernicious Publication Practices. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (1):31-34.

View all 12 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Raymond Spier (2002). Peer Review and Innovation. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (1):99-108.
Malcolm Atkinson (2001). 'Peer Review' Culture. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):193-204.
Dr Malcolm Atkinson (2001). 'Peer Review' Culture. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):193-204.

View all 9 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

16 ( #168,870 of 1,726,249 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

2 ( #264,055 of 1,726,249 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

Start a new thread
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.