Graduate studies at Western
Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (4):327–350 (1997)
|Abstract||Recently in the U.S. a near-consensus has formed around the idea that it would be desirable to "end welfare as we know it," in the words of President Bill Clinton.1 In this context, the term "welfare" does not refer to the entire panoply of welfare state provision including government sponsored old age pensions, government provided medical care for the elderly, unemployment benefits for workers who have lost their jobs without being fired for cause, or aid to the disabled. "Welfare" in contemporary debates means "cash, food, or housing assistance to healthy nonaged persons with low incomes."2 In the U.S., the main policy that qualifies as welfare in this sense is Aid to Families with Dependent Children.3 Although contemporary attacks on welfare are identified with conservative policy analysts such as Charles Murray, in fact dissatisfaction with the policies Murray targets for criticism is widespread among liberal intellectuals. For example, in a sharply critical review essay on Murray's book Losing Ground, Christopher Jencks worries that "the social policies that prevailed from 1964 to 1980 often seemed to reward vice" instead of rewarding virtuous conduct by the poor. The problem as Jencks, following Murray, views it is not easy to repair, because "if you set out to help people who are in trouble, you almost always find that most of them are to some extent responsible for their present troubles. Few victims are completely innocent. Helping those who are not doing their best to help themselves poses extraordinarily difficult moral and political problems."4 David T. Ellwood writes that Murray “is almost certainly correct in stating that welfare does not reflect or reinforce our most basic values. He is also correct in stating that no amount of tinkering with benefit levels or work rules will change that.”|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Raymond Plant (1980). Political Philosophy and Social Welfare: Essays on the Normative Basis of Welfare Provision. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Donald Broom (2011). A History of Animal Welfare Science. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (2):121-137.
Steven Daskal (2008). Fellow Citizenship and U.S. Welfare Policy. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):281-301.
Anca Gheaus (2008). Gender Justice and the Welfare State in Post-Communism. Feminist Theory 9 (2):185-206.
Mary E. Hobgood (1997). Poor Women, Work, and the U.S. Catholic Bishops: Discerning Myth From Reality in Welfare Reform. Journal of Religious Ethics 25 (2):307 - 333.
Ingmar Persson (2011). Prioritarianism, Levelling Down and Welfare Diffusion. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (3):307-311.
Norman P. Barry (1990). The Philosophy of the Welfare State. Critical Review 4 (4):545-568.
John D. Jones (1994). Multiculturalism and Welfare Reform. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 1 (2):11-18.
Nathan Glazer (1990). Is Welfare a Legitimate Government Goal? Critical Review 4 (4):479-491.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads42 ( #31,762 of 739,347 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,538 of 739,347 )
How can I increase my downloads?