David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Semantics 12 (1):69-108 (1995)
In this paper we investigate how discourse structure affects the meanings of words, and how the meanings of words affect discourse structure. We integrate three ingredients: a theory of discourse structure called SDRT, which represents discourse in terms of rhetorical relations that glue together the propositions introduced by the text segments; an accompanying theory of discourse attachment called DICE, which computes which rhetorical relations hold between the constituents, on the basis of the reader's background information; and a formal language for specifying the lexical knowledge—both syntactic and semantic—called the LKB. Through this integration, we can model the information flow from words to discourse, and discourse to words. From words to discourse, we show how the LKE permits the rules for computing rhetorical relations in DICETO be generalized and simplified, so that a single law applies to several semantically related lexical items. From discourse to words, we encode two novel heuristics for lexical disambiguation: disambiguate words so that discourse incoherence is avoided, and disambiguate words so that rhetorical connections are reinforced. These heuristics enable us to tackle several cases of lexical disambiguation that have until now been outside the scope of theories of lexical processing
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Fabrizio Macagno (2012). Presumptive Reasoning in Interpretation. Implicatures and Conflicts of Presumptions. Argumentation 26 (2):233-265.
Similar books and articles
Claire Gardent & Bonnie Webber (2001). Towards the Use of Automated Reasoning in Discourse Disambiguation. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (4):487-509.
Susanne Bobzien (2006). The Stoics on Fallacies of Equivocation. In D. Frede & B. Inwood (eds.), Language and Learning, Proceedings of the 9th Symposium Hellenisticum. Cambridge University Press.
Peter C. Gordon (1999). Naming Versus Referring in the Selection of Words. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):44-44.
Robin Clark & Prashant Parikh (2007). Game Theory and Discourse Anaphora. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 16 (3):265-282.
Alex Lascarides (1998). The Semantics and Pragmatics of Presupposition. Journal of Semantics 15 (3):239-300.
Michael Glanzberg (2002). Context and Discourse. Mind and Language 17 (4):333–375.
J. Pustejovsky & Bran Boguraev (eds.) (1997). Lexical Semantics: The Problem of Polysemy. Oxford University Press.
Nicholas Asher & Alex Lascarides (2001). Indirect Speech Acts. Synthese 128 (1-2):183 - 228.
Christopher Potts, Indirect Answers and Cooperation: On Asher and Lascarides's 'Making the Right Commitments in Dialogue'.
Joachim Quantz & Birte Schmitz (1994). Knowledge-Based Disambiguation for Machine Translation. Minds and Machines 4 (1):39-57.
James Franklin & S. W. K. Chan (1998). Symbolic Connectionism in Natural Language Disambiguation. IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks 9:739-755.
Nicholas Asher (2011). Lexical Meaning in Context: A Web of Words. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2010-09-02
Total downloads13 ( #115,744 of 1,096,588 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #153,658 of 1,096,588 )
How can I increase my downloads?