Graduate studies at Western
Public Health Ethics 5 (2):161-172 (2012)
|Abstract||A recent decision by several Australian State politicians to support a parliamentary review of artificial water fluoridation has an intensified debate on the public health intervention. While there is a majority agreement among Australian dentists and other health professionals that adequate enamel fluoride is essential for dental health, the ethics of artificial fluoridation of public water supplies as a contemporary vehicle for facilitating adequate supply of fluoride to teeth is highly contested. Opponents of artificial water fluoridation insist that there are many alternative sources of fluoride, that mandatory water fluoridation violates the ethical principle of autonomy and that water fluoridation is not only expensive and unnecessary but also may endanger health by causing fluorosis and, potentially, hypothyroidism and pathological bone fractures. In contrast, proponents of water fluoridation posit that mandatory water fluoridation facilitates health equity and that the benefits accruing to society from prevention of dental caries (beneficence principle) outweighs impairment of individual autonomy. This article utilizes Childress’ ‘justificatory conditions’ to evaluate the ethical appropriateness of artificial water fluoridation in Australia. The author concludes that there is insufficient ethical justification for artificial water fluoridation in Australia|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Similar books and articles
David Shaw (2012). Weeping and Wailing and Gnashing of Teeth: The Legal Fiction of Water Fluoridation. Medical Law International 12 (1):11-27.
Jie Liu, Amarbayasgalan Dorjderem, Jinhua Fu, Xiaohui Lei & Darryl Macer (2011). Water Ethics and Water Resource Management. UNESCO.
Richard C. Foltz (2002). Iran's Water Crisis: Cultural, Political, and Ethical Dimensions. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (4):357-380.
Gerald J. Kauffman (2007). Perspectives on Ethics and Water Policy in Delaware. Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):93-126.
Surender Kumar, Incorporating Unaccounted for Water Into the Performance Measurement: An Application to the Indian Water Sector.
William Lycan (2006). The Meaning of “Water”: An Unsolved Problem. Philosophical Issues 16 (1):184-199.
Edward Groth (2001). The Debate Over Food Biotechnology in the United States: Is a Societal Consensus Achievable? Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (3):327-346.
T. Devasenathipathi, P. T. Saleendran & J. T. Masilamani Jeevaraj, A Study on Consumers' Approach Towards Bottled Water.
Urooj Quezon Amjad (2006). A System of Innovation? Integrated Water Resources Management Complemented with Co-Evolution: Examples From Palestinian and Israeli Joint Water Management. World Futures 62 (3):157 – 170.
Lisa Gerber (2003). The Nature of Water: Basia Irland Reveals the 'Is' and the 'Ought'. Ethics and the Environment 8 (1):37-50.
Bradley A. Striebig, Tyler Jantzen & Katherine Rowden (2006). Ethical Considerations of the Short-Term and Long-Term Health Impacts, Costs, and Educational Value of Sustainable Development Projects. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (2):345-354.
Added to index2012-08-23
Total downloads2 ( #246,970 of 740,021 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,960 of 740,021 )
How can I increase my downloads?