Graduate studies at Western
Biology and Philosophy 2 (3):235-252 (1987)
|Abstract||The question whether ethical behavior is biologically determined may refer either to thecapacity for ethics (e.i., the proclivity to judge human actions as either right or wrong), or to the moralnorms accepted by human beings for guiding their actions. My theses are: (1) that the capacity for ethics is a necessary attribute of human nature; and (2) that moral norms are products of cultural evolution, not of biological evolution.Humans exhibits ethical behavior by nature because their biological makeup determines the presence of the three necessary, and jointly sufficient, conditions for ethical behavior: (i) the ability to anticipate the consequences of one's own actions; (ii) the ability to make value judgements; and (iii) the ability to choose between alternative courses of action. Ethical behavior came about in evolution not because it is adaptive in itself, but as a necessary consequece of man's eminent intellectual abilities, which are an attribute directly promoted by natural selection.|
|Keywords||Sociobiology evolutionary ethics ethical behavior norms of morality animal ethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Richard Joyce (2008). Précis of The Evolution of Morality. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (1):213-218.
G. Nagarjuna (2006). Tracing the Biological Roots of Knowledge. In N. S. Rangaswamy (ed.), [Book Chapter] (in Press). Centre for Studies in Civilizations.
Marc Ereshefsky (2004). Bridging the Gap Between Human Kinds and Biological Kinds. Philosophy of Science 71 (5):912-921.
Anthony O'Hear (1997). Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation. Oxford University Press.
Donald M. Broom (2003). The Evolution of Morality and Religion. Cambridge University Press.
Francisco Ayala (2010). What the Biological Sciences Can and Cannot Contribute to Ethics. In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell Pub..
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads75 ( #13,381 of 739,318 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #14,902 of 739,318 )
How can I increase my downloads?