David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Mind and Language 9 (2):124-162 (1994)
Confusion in terms inspires confusion in concepts. When a relevant distinction is not clearly marked or not marked at all, it is apt to be blurred or even missed altogether in our thinking. This is true in any area of inquiry, pragmatics in particular. No one disputes that there are various ways in which what is communicated in an utterance can go beyond sentence meaning. The problem is to catalog the ways. It is generally recognized that linguistic meaning underdetermines speaker meaning because of the need for disambiguation and reference assignment and because people can speak figuratively or indirectly. But philosophers and linguists are coming to recognize that these are not the only ways. The situation may be described in Gricean terms: the distinction between what is said and what is implicated is not exhaustive. Charting the middle ground between the two will require attending to specific examples, noting their distinctive features, and articulating the relevant concepts. That is what I aim to do here. The basic idea will be to distinguish not only the implied from the explicit but the implicit from the implied.
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References found in this work BETA
J. L. Austin (1975). How to Do Things with Words. Clarendon Press.
H. P. Grice (1989). Studies in the Way of Words. Harvard University Press.
D. Sperber & D. Wilson (1995). Relevance. Blackwell.
Citations of this work BETA
Michael Blome-Tillmann (2013). Conversational Implicatures (and How to Spot Them). Philosophy Compass 8 (2):170-185.
Michael Fara (2005). Dispositions and Habituals. Noûs 39 (1):43–82.
Martin Montminy & Andrew Russo (2015). A Defense of Causal Invariantism. Analytic Philosophy (4):1-27.
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