David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):473-484 (2001)
Recent studies have shown that schizophrenia may be a disease affecting the states of consciousness. The present study is aimed at investigating metamemory, i.e., the knowledge about one's own memory capabilities, in patients with schizophrenia. The accuracy of the Confidence level (CL) in the correctness of the answers provided during a recall phase, and the predictability of the Feeling of Knowing (FOK) when recall fails were measured using a task consisting of general information questions and assessing semantic memory. Nineteen outpatients were paired with 19 control subjects with respect to age, sex, and education. Results showed that patients with schizophrenia exhibited an impaired semantic memory. CL ratings as well as CL and FOK accuracy were not significantly different in the schizophrenic and the control groups. However, FOK ratings were significantly reduced for the patient group, and discordant FOK judgments were also observed more frequently. Such results suggest that FOK judgments are impaired in patients with schizophrenia, which confirms that schizophrenia is an illness characterized by an impaired conscious awareness of one's own knowledge
|Keywords||*Metacognition *Schizophrenia *Semantic Memory|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Elisabeth Bacon, Nathalie Huet & Jean-Marie Danion (2011). Metamemory Knowledge and Beliefs in Patients with Schizophrenia and How These Relate to Objective Cognitive Abilities. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1315-1326.
Similar books and articles
Louis A. Sass & Josef Parnas (2003). Schizophrenia, Consciousness, and the Self. Schizophrenia Bulletin 29 (3):427-444.
Nicola M. J. Edelstyn, Justine Drakeford, Femi Oyebode & Chris Findlay (2003). Investigation of Conscious Recollection, False Recognition and Delusional Misidentification in Patients with Schizophrenia. Psychopathology 36 (6):312-319.
M. Massin-Krauss, E. Bacon & Danion J.-M. (2002). Effects of the Benzodiazepine Lorazepam on Monitoring and Control Processes in Semantic Memory. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (1):123-137.
Marcin Zajenkowski, Rafał Styła & Jakub Szymanik (2011). A Computational Approach to Quantifiers as an Explanation for Some Language Impairments in Schizophrenia. Journal of Communication Disorder 44:2011.
Jean-Marie Danion, Caroline Huron, Lydia Rizzo & Pierre Vidailhet (2004). Emotion, Memory, and Conscious Awareness in Schizophrenia. In Daniel Reisberg & Paula Hertel (eds.), Memory and Emotion. Oxford University Press. 217-241.
N. Andreasen (2000). Is Schizophrenia a Disorder of Memory or Consciousness? In Endel Tulving (ed.), Memory, Consciousness, and the Brain: The Tallinn Conference. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.
Jean-Marie Danion, Christine Cuervo, Pascale Piolino, Caroline Huron, Marielle Riutort, Charles S. Peretti & Francis Eustache (2005). Conscious Recollection in Autobiographical Memory: An Investigation in Schizophrenia. Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):535-547.
Philippe Sonntag, Erick Gokalsing, Carinne Olivier, Philippe Robert, Franck Burglen, Françoise Kauffmann-Muller, Caroline Huron, Pierre Salame & Jean-Marie Danion (2003). Impaired Strategic Regulation of Contents of Conscious Awareness in Schizophrenia. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (2):190-200.
Rajendra D. Badgaiyan (2009). Theory of Mind and Schizophrenia☆. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):320-322.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads57 ( #32,076 of 1,413,265 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #67,681 of 1,413,265 )
How can I increase my downloads?