David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Beginning with a historical overview of relativism, from Pythagoras in ancient Greece to Derrida and postmodernism, Maria Baghramian explores the resurgence of relativism throughout the history of philosophy. She then turns to the arguments for and against the many subdivisions of relativism, including Kuhn and Feyerabend's ideas of relativism in science, Rorty's relativism about truth, and the conceptual relativism of Quine and Putnam. Baghramian questions whether moral relativism leads to moral indifference or even nihilism, and whether feminist epistemology's concerns about the very notion of objectivity can be considered a form of relativism. She concludes the relativism debate by assessing the recent criticisms such as Quine's argument from translation and Davidson's claim that even the motivations behind relativism are unintelligible. Finding these criticisms lacking, Baghramian proposes a moderate form of pluralism which addresses the legitimate worries that give rise to relativism without incurring charges of nihilism or anarchy.
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Citations of this work BETA
James O. Young (2009). Relativism, Standards and Aesthetic Judgements. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 17 (2):221 – 231.
Paula Gaido (2011). The Purpose of Legal Theory: Some Problems with Joseph Raz's View. [REVIEW] Law and Philosophy 30 (6):685-698.
Bob Plant (2011). Religion, Relativism, and Wittgenstein's Naturalism. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 19 (2):177 - 209.
Tim Connolly (2011). Perspectivism as a Way of Knowing in the Zhuangzi. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (4):487-505.
Kieran Cashell (2009). Reality, Representation and the Aesthetic Fallacy: Critical Realism and the Philosophy of C. S. Peirce. Journal of Critical Realism 8 (2):135-171.
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