Social being and the human essence: An unresolved issue in soviet philosophy

Studies in East European Thought 47 (1-2):3-60 (1995)
This is a transcription of a debate on the concept of a person conducted in Moscow in 1983. David Bakhurst argues that Evald Ilyenkov's social constructivist conception of personhood, founded on Marx's thesis that the human essence is the ensemble of social relations, is either false or trivially true. F. T. Mikhailov, V. S. Bibler, V. A. Lektorsky and V. V. Davydov critically assess Bakhurst's arguments, elucidate and contextualize Ilyenkov's views, and defend, in contrasting ways, the claim that human individuals are socially constituted beings. Issues discussed include: the concepts of activity (dejatel'nost') and community (obenija) and their relevance to the notions of mind and personhood; self-consciousness and its relation to personal identity; naturalism in Soviet thought. Translated from the Russian
Keywords activity  community  consciousness  human development  Marxism  naturalism  person  personality  self-consciousness  social being
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DOI 10.1007/BF01075140
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David Bakhurst (2011). The Riddle of the Self Revisited. Studies in East European Thought 63 (1):63 - 73.

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