Graduate studies at Western
Cognitive Science 36 (6):1129-1147 (2012)
|Abstract||Parallel language activation in bilinguals leads to competition between languages. Experience managing this interference may aid novel language learning by improving the ability to suppress competition from known languages. To investigate the effect of bilingualism on the ability to control native-language interference, monolinguals and bilinguals were taught an artificial language designed to elicit between-language competition. Partial activation of interlingual competitors was assessed with eye-tracking and mouse-tracking during a word recognition task in the novel language. Eye-tracking results showed that monolinguals looked at competitors more than bilinguals, and for a longer duration of time. Mouse-tracking results showed that monolinguals’ mouse movements were attracted to native-language competitors, whereas bilinguals overcame competitor interference by increasing the activation of target items. Results suggest that bilinguals manage cross-linguistic interference more effectively than monolinguals. We conclude that language interference can affect lexical retrieval, but bilingualism may reduce this interference by facilitating access to a newly learned language|
|Keywords||Eye‐tracking Language interference Language processing Mouse‐tracking Language learning Bilingualism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Similar books and articles
Orly Fuhrman, Kelly McCormick, Eva Chen, Heidi Jiang, Dingfang Shu, Shuaimei Mao & Lera Boroditsky (2011). How Linguistic and Cultural Forces Shape Conceptions of Time: English and Mandarin Time in 3D. Cognitive Science 35 (7):1305-1328.
Robert W. Schrauf (2002). Bilingual Inner Speech as the Medium of Cross-Modular Retrieval in Autobiographical Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):698-699.
Eerik Lagerspetz (1998). On Language Rights. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (2):181-199.
Shahid Manzoor, Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith, Referent Tracking for Command and Control Messaging Systems. CEUR, Volume 555.
Tuku Mukherjee (1986). ESL: An Imported New Empire? Journal of Moral Education 15 (1):43-49.
Rama Kant Agnihotri & H. K. Dewan (eds.) (2010). Knowledge, Language and Learning. Macmillan Publishers India.
James Dungan & Rebecca Saxe (2012). Matched False-Belief Performance During Verbal and Nonverbal Interference. Cognitive Science 36 (6):1148-1156.
John C. Trueswell & Anna Papafragou, Perceiving and Remembering Events Cross-Linguistically: Evidence From Dual-Task Paradigms.
Chen Yu & Dana H. Ballard (2005). Language Evolution: Body of Evidence? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):148-149.
Shahid Manzoor, Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2009). Referent Tracking for Command and Control Messaging Systems. In of Ontology for the Intelligence Community. CEUR, vol. 555.
Christopher D. Viger (2005). Learning to Think: A Response to the Language of Thought Argument for Innateness. Mind and Language 20 (3):313-25.
Christina Behme & H. S. (2008). Language Learning in Infancy: Does the Empirical Evidence Support a Domain Specific Language Acquisition Device? Philosophical Psychology 21 (5):641 – 671.
Added to index2012-03-30
Total downloads4 ( #189,406 of 740,432 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #61,802 of 740,432 )
How can I increase my downloads?