Relative Randomness and Cardinality

Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 51 (2):195-205 (2010)
A set $B\subseteq\mathbb{N}$ is called low for Martin-Löf random if every Martin-Löf random set is also Martin-Löf random relative to B . We show that a $\Delta^0_2$ set B is low for Martin-Löf random if and only if the class of oracles which compress less efficiently than B , namely, the class $\mathcal{C}^B=\{A\ |\ \forall n\ K^B(n)\leq^+ K^A(n)\}$ is countable (where K denotes the prefix-free complexity and $\leq^+$ denotes inequality modulo a constant. It follows that $\Delta^0_2$ is the largest arithmetical class with this property and if $\mathcal{C}^B$ is uncountable, it contains a perfect $\Pi^0_1$ set of reals. The proof introduces a new method for constructing nontrivial reals below a $\Delta^0_2$ set which is not low for Martin-Löf random
Keywords randomness   cardinality   relative randomness
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DOI 10.1215/00294527-2010-012
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