Simulation is not enough: A hybrid model of disgust attribution on the basis of visual stimuli

Philosophical Psychology 26 (3):401-419 (2013)
Abstract
Mindreading is the ability to attribute mental states to other individuals. According to the Theory-Theory (TT), mindreading is based on one's possession of a Theory of Mind. On the other hand, the Simulation Theory (ST) maintains that one arrives at the attribution of a mental state by simulating it in one's own mind. In this paper, I propose a ST-TT hybrid model of the ability to attribute disgust on the basis of visual stimuli such as facial expressions, body postures, etc. More precisely, while I defend Goldman's (2006) thesis that the ability to attribute disgust based on observing disgusted facial expressions stems from a mirror-based simulation process, I argue that ST is unable to account for the ability to attribute disgust based on non-facial visual stimuli; I propose, rather, that this latter ability is theory-based. My model is grounded in evidence from individuals suffering from Huntington's Disease.
Keywords Disgust  Huntington's disease  Mindreading  Mirror neurons  Simulation Theory  Theory-Theory
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DOI 10.1080/09515089.2012.659167
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PhilPapers Archive Luca Barlassina, Simulation is not enough: A hybrid model of disgust attribution on the basis of visual stimuli
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References found in this work BETA
Thomas Nagel (1974). What is It Like to Be a Bat? Philosophical Review 83 (October):435-50.
Frank Jackson (1982). Epiphenomenal Qualia. Philosophical Quarterly 32 (April):127-136.

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