Using illusory line motion to differentiate misrepresentation (stalinesque) and misremembering (orwellian) accounts of consciousness
Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):347-365 (2002)
|Abstract||It has been suggested that the difference between misremembering (Orwellian) and misrepresentation (Stalinesque) models of consciousness cannot be differentiated (Dennett, 1991). According to an Orwellian account a briefly presented stimulus is seen and then forgotten; whereas, by a Stalinesque account it is never seen. At the same time, Dennett suggested a method for assessing whether an individual is conscious of something. An experiment was conducted which used the suggested method for assessing consciousness to look at Stalinesque and Orwellian distinctions. A visual illusion, illusory line motion, was presented and participants were requested to make judgments that reflected what they were aware of. The participants were able to make responses indicating that they were aware of the actual stimulus in some conditions, but only of the illusion in others. This finding supports a claim that the difference between the Orwellian and Stalinesque accounts may be empirically observable, and that both types of events may occur depending on task and stimulus parameters.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Andy Clark (2002). Is Seeing All It Seems? Action, Reason and the Grand Illusion. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (5-6):181-202.
Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich, Alan M. Leslie & David B. Klein (1996). Varieties of Off-Line Simulation. In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Cambridge University Press.
H. Cahill (1999). An Orwellian Scenario: Court Ordered Caesarean Section and Women's Autonomy. Nursing Ethics 6 (6):494-505.
Joseph J. Fins (2005). The Orwellian Threat to Emerging Neurodiagnostic Technologies. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):56-58.
John Erickson (1993). The Ghost in the Machine: Gilliam's Postmodern Response in Brazil to the Orwellian Dystopia of Nineteen Eighty-Four. Utopian Studies 4 (2):26 - 34.
R. Nijhawan & B. Khurana (2000). Conscious Registration of Continuous and Discrete Visual Events. In Thomas Metzinger (ed.), Neural Correlates of Consciousness. MIT Press.
Robert I. Reynolds (1988). A Psychological Definition of Illusion. Philosophical Psychology 1 (2):217-223.
S. J. Todd (2006). Unmasking Multiple Drafts. Philosophical Psychology 19 (4):477-494.
Steven J. Todd (2009). A Difference That Makes a Difference: Passing Through Dennett's Stalinesque/Orwellian Impasse. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (3):497-520.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads22 ( #62,675 of 722,870 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #26,028 of 722,870 )
How can I increase my downloads?