Designing ethical organizations: Avoiding the long-term negative effects of rewards and punishments [Book Review]

Journal of Business Ethics 56 (4):355 - 370 (2005)
Abstract
Ethics researchers advise managers of organizations to link rewards and punishments to ethical and unethical behavior, respectively. We build on prior research maintaining that organizations operate at Kohlbergs stages of moral reasoning, and explain how the over-reliance on rewards and punishments encourages employees to operate at Kohlbergs lowest stages of moral reasoning. We advocate designing organizations as ethical communities and relying on different assumptions about employees in order to foster ethical reasoning at higher levels. Characteristics associated with ethical communities are identified and AES Corporation and Semco S/A serve as examples of corporations exhibiting the design characteristics and assumptions of ethical organizations
Keywords Community  ethical organizations  ethics  Kohlberg  moral reasoning  organization design  rein-forcement theory
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