The design and implementation of sustainable plant diversity conservation program for alpine Meadows and pastures
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (1):67-83 (2001)
|Abstract||The paper describes the design and implementation of a plant biodiversity conservation program that was developed under funding and time constraints for diverse ecological, social, and institutional environments. The biodiversity program for alpine meadows and pastures located in the Swiss Canton of the Grisons is used as an example. The design of the sustainable program relied on existing legislation, accounted for limited ecological knowledge and expertise, and considered biodiversity as a common-pool resource. The trend to intensified cultivation of restricted areas required fast action, while the sustainability of the program design had to take into account institutional diversity. Fifteen habitats and plant communities worth conserving were known, and 57 plant species were identified as indicator species for establishing an inventory and for monitoring purposes. A small subset of 16 well known plant species was presented to the farming communities. They were invited to notify the areas in which they observed the presence of these plants. In different regions of the Canton a total number of 39 paraecologists were trained to inspect the areas notified by farmers and to recommend possible incorporation into the Cantonal inventory. This was done once the farmers signed a contract in which they agreed to follow adequate management practices. The farmers received subsidies to compensate for their losses. Communal authorities controlled the fertilizer input and cutting dates, while the paraecologists were trained to monitor plant biodiversity. The program started in 1992 and the initial phase of the inventory was terminated in 1996. At the beginning of 1996, an inventory of 2617.19 ha, most of which are meadows, was taken and managed according to the rules specified in the contract. The program was considered successful because (i) of the size of the area in the inventory, (ii) about 30%of the farmers participated, and (iii) farmers started cultivating previously abandoned farmland|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Allen M. Young (1983). On the Evolution of Egg Placement and Gregariousness of Caterpillars in the Lepidoptera. Acta Biotheoretica 32 (1).
Edith T. Lammerts Van Bueren & Paul C. Struik (2005). Integrity and Rights of Plants: Ethical Notions in Organic Plant Breeding and Propagation. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (5).
Delali B. K. Dovie (2003). Detaining Livelihoods and Disputing Biodiversity: Whose Dilemma? Ethics, Place and Environment 6 (1):27 – 41.
E. Kelman, R. S. Levy & Y. Levy (2001). Optimization of Solutions for the One Plant Protection Problem. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (1).
Ana Delgado (2008). Opening Up for Participation in Agro-Biodiversity Conservation: The Expert-Lay Interplay in a Brazilian Social Movement. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (6).
Javier Laborde (2008). The Landscape Approach. Environmental Ethics 30 (3):251-262.
Anna Lydia Svalastog, Petter Gustafsson & Stefan Jansson (2006). Comparative Analysis of the Risk-Handling Procedures for Gene Technology Applications in Medical and Plant Science. Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (3).
Sahotra Sarkar (2006). Ecological Diversity and Biodiversity as Concepts for Conservation Planning: Comments on Ricotta. Acta Biotheoretica 54 (2).
Keith Bustos (2005). Human Rights, Exploitation, and Genetic Use Restriction Technology: Sowing the Seeds of Reason in the Field of the Terminator Debate. Dissertation, University of Tennessee
Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.
Added to index2009-01-28
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?