The rejection of the identity thesis

Abstract
In this paper, the arguments against the mind-body identity thesis from the author’s [1994] paper, “Mental Properties,” are presented but in significantly more detail. It is shown that, because of scientific essentialism, two currently popular arguments against the identity thesis -- the multiple-realizability argument and the Nagel-Jackson knowledge argument -- are unsatisfactory as they stand and that their problems are incurable. It is then shown that a refutation of the identity thesis in its full generality can be achieved by weaving together two traditional Cartesian arguments -- the modal argument and the certainty argument. This argument establishes, not just the falsity of the identity thesis, but also the metaphysical possibility of disembodiment. The paper ends with a discussion of the nature of the relation between the mind and the body.
Keywords Essentialism  Identity  Mental Property  Mind-body  Descartes  Twin Earth
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George Bealer (1994). Mental Properties. Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):185-208.
A. Campbell Garnett (1965). Body and Mind: The Identity Thesis. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 43 (May):77-81.

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