David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
HEC Forum 24 (2):63-82 (2012)
Abortion is the central issue in the conscientious objection debate. In this article I demonstrate why this is so for two philosophical viewpoints prominent in American culture. One, represented by Patrick Lee and Robert P. George, holds that the fundamental moral value of being human can be found in bare life and the other, represented by Tom Beauchamp and James Childress, holds that this fundamental value is found in the life that can choose and determine itself. First, I articulate Lee and George’s philosophical theory and demonstrate how the fundamental moral value of their theory, personhood, is represented in the issue of abortion. Second, I examine Beauchamp and Childress’ theoretical vision and demonstrate how their fundamental moral value, the right to autonomous self-determination, is represented in abortion. Third, I sketch the theoretical and practical dynamics of the conscientious objection debate as well as each author’s understanding of conscience. Fourth, I demonstrate how abortion, which represents their respective fundamental value, shapes each perspectives’ approach to the conscientious objection debate. I conclude that because each theory finds its fundamental value represented in the issue of abortion, each perspective is bound to engage the conscientious objection debate in a way that centers on the issue of abortion
|Keywords||Abortion Conscientious objection Personhood Self-determination|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Aristotle (2004). The Nicomachean Ethics. Penguin Books.
Tom L. Beauchamp (2009). Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Oxford University Press.
James F. Childress (1990). The Place of Autonomy in Bioethics. Hastings Center Report 20 (1):12-17.
H. Tristram Engelhardt (1996). The Foundations of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
R. Gillon (2003). Ethics Needs Principles—Four Can Encompass the Rest—and Respect for Autonomy Should Be “First Among Equals”. Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (5):307-312.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Jan Deckers (2010). The Right to Life and Abortion Legislation in England and Wales: A Proposal for Change. Diametros 26:1-22.
Marcia Riordan (2008). Victorian Abortion Law Reform Bill 2008. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 14 (2):7.
Carolyn McLeod (2008). Referral in the Wake of Conscientious Objection to Abortion. Hypatia 23 (4):pp. 30-47.
Kevin McGovern (2009). The Victorian Abortion Law - One Year On. Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 15 (2):1.
Demian Whiting (2011). Abortion and Referrals for Abortion: Is the Law in Need of Change? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):1006-1008.
Corrado Del Bò (2012). Conscientious Objection and the Morning-After Pill. Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (2):133-145.
A. Giubilini (2012). Abortion and the Argument From Potential: What We Owe to the Ones Who Might Exist. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (1):49-59.
Chris Kaposy (2012). Two Stalemates in the Philosophical Debate About Abortion and Why They Cannot Be Resolved Using Analogical Arguments. Bioethics 26 (2):84-92.
Robert F. Card (2007). Conscientious Objection and Emergency Contraception. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):8 – 14.
Mark R. Wicclair (2011). Conscientious Objection in Health Care: An Ethical Analysis. Cambridge University Press.
Nancy (1993). The Abortion Debate: The Search for Common Ground, Part 1:Contested Lives: The Abortion Debate in an American Community. Faye D. Ginsburg; Abortion: The Clash of Absolutes. Laurence H. Tribe. [REVIEW] Ethics 103 (3):516-.
Nancy (1993). The Abortion Debate: The Search for Common Ground, Part 2:Contested Lives: The Abortion Debate in an American Community Faye D. Ginsburg; Abortion: The Clash of Absolutes Laurence H. Tribe. Ethics 103 (4):731-.
Alfred Simon (2000). A Right to Life for the Unborn? The Current Debate on Abortion in Germany and Norbert Hoerster's Legal-Philosophical Justification for the Right to Life. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 25 (2):220 – 239.
Jason Brennan (forthcoming). Why Liberal States Must Accommodate Tax Resistors. Public Affairs Quarterly.
Added to index2011-07-17
Total downloads34 ( #56,311 of 1,140,280 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #32,080 of 1,140,280 )
How can I increase my downloads?