Studies in the dissolution of classical epistemology : the role of philosophical critique in an age of sociological reason and historical method
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
What is the relation between philosophical analysis and sociological method? Sociology has traditionally looked to Philosophy to provide either an indubitable epistemic foundation for its practices or alternatively to legislate invariant criteria of scientificity which might guide the social sciences in questions of methodology. But has Philosophy itself such an autonomy from the developing knowledge domains of the different sciences,natural and social? A structural analysis of philosophic discourse in the twentieth century reveals as a key element of recent philosophic'al thought a central anthropologism. This study traces the rupture in philosophic thought which has occurred with the dissolution and collapse of classical epistemology and the emergence in turn of a radically new mode of philosophizing based on a recognition of the centrality of social reality to ontological judgement and epistemological critique. Just as the analytic epistemOlogy of the seventeenth century can be seen as an accommodation by Philosophy to the emergence and development of the empirical natural sc~ences, so the appearance of 'conversational' epistemology can be viewed as Philosophy's attempt to think'the implications for the nature of knowledge-in-general of the emergence and subsequent development of the social sciences at the end of the nineteenth century. The key theoretical instance which demarcates classical epistemology fram the anthropologistic philosophy since the 1920's is its inability to accommodate the category of intersubjectiv:itJY successfully within its egological structure. Contemporary philosophy, phenomenological, analytical, pragmatist and marxist, is forced to grapple with the new awareness of man's essential sociality. This has profound implications for epistemology. The question of the relationship of philosophical analysis to sociological method must be re-addressed in the light of the revealed epistemic proximity of the two disciplines. What sort of philosophical critique, we ask, is possible and appropriate in an age of sociological reason and historical method?
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library||
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Cassandra L. Pinnick (1994). Feminist Epistemology: Implications for Philosophy of Science. Philosophy of Science 61 (4):646-657.
Anne Warfield Rawls (1984). Interaction as a Resource for Epistemological Critique. Sociological Theory 2:222-252.
Steve Fuller (1987). On Regulating What is Known: A Way to Social Epistemology. Synthese 73 (1):145 - 183.
Steve Woolgar (1991). The Very Idea of Social Epistemology: What Prospects for a Truly Radical 'Radically Naturalized Epistemology'? Inquiry 34 (3 & 4):377 – 389.
Alvin Goldman (2010). Why Social Epistemology is Real Epistemology. In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Social Epistemology. Oxford University Press, Usa. 1--29.
William T. Lynch (2005). The Ghost of Wittgenstein: Forms of Life, Scientific Method, and Cultural Critique. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (2):139-174.
Richard F. Kitchener (2007). Bertrand Russell's Naturalistic Epistemology. Philosophy 82 (1):115-146.
Isaac Reed (2008). Justifying Sociological Knowledge: From Realism to Interpretation. Sociological Theory 26 (2):101 - 129.
Evandro Agazzi (2008). Epistemology and the Social: A Feedback Loop. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 96 (1):19-31.
Carole Pearce (1992). African Philosophy and the Sociological Thesis. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (4):440-460.
George E. McCarthy (2009). Dreams in Exile: Rediscovering Science and Ethics in Nineteenth-Century Social Theory. State University of New York Press.
Hokky Situngkir (2003). Emerging the Emergence Sociology: The Philosophical Framework of Agent-Based Social Studies. [Journal (on-Line/Unpaginated)].
Melissa McBay Merritt (2006). Science and the Synthetic Method of the Critique of Pure Reason. Review of Metaphysics 59 (3):517-539.
Melissa Mcbay Merritt (2007). Analysis in the Critique of Pure Reason. Kantian Review 12 (1):61-89.
Added to index2011-11-05
Total downloads8 ( #187,589 of 1,413,434 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #154,636 of 1,413,434 )
How can I increase my downloads?