De Kant à Bolzano: Husserl et l'analyticité

Dans les Recherches Logiques, Husserl a recours à un concept d'analyticité qui s'écarte des définitions kantiennes. En fait, pour le comprendre, il faut se plonger dans la tradition d'analyse logique autrichienne qui remonte à Bolzano. L'analyticité est ici une propriété formelle, qui s'illustre par la possibilité de la mise en variables de propositions, leur vérité étant maintenue. Husserl ne laisse toutefois pas la question dans l'état dans lequel Bolzano l'avait laissée : surgit la question propre aux Recherches Logiques, qui est celle du sens et du statut du logique comme tel. In his Logical Investigations, Husserl uses a concept of « analyticity » that seems quite different from the Kantian one. Analyticity is defined as formal and by the possibility of regular variations, so as in mathematical equations which determine relations between variables. In that matter, Husserl is influenced by Bolzano and is much deeply connected with the Austrian tradition of logical studies than with the transcendental tradition of the German Idealism. But he deals also with the problem that Bolzano left unsolved : if analyticity in the « strict » sense means the logical rule, what does « logical » mean?
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DOI 10.2307/40903532
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