Philosophy 49 (188):123-134 (1974)
|Abstract||In this paper1 I shall present not just the conscience of Huckleberry Finn but two others as well. One of them is the conscience of Heinrich Himmler. He became a Nazi in 1923; he served drably and quietly, but well, and was rewarded with increasing responsibility and power. At the peak of his career he held many offices and commands, of which the most powerful was that of leader of the S.S. - the principal police force of the Nazi regime. In this capacity, Himmler commanded the whole concentration-camp system, and was responsible for the execution of the so-called ‘final solution of the Jewish problem’. It is important for my purposes that this piece of social engineering should be thought of not abstractly but in concrete terms of Jewish families being marched to what they think are bath-houses, to the accompaniment of loud-speaker renditions of extracts from The Merry Widow and Tales of Hoffman, there to be choked to death by poisonous gases. Altogether, Himmler succeeded in murdering about four and a half million of them, as well as several million gentiles, mainly Poles and Russians. The other conscience to be discussed is that of the Calvinist theologian and philosopher Jonathan Edwards. He lived in the first half of the eighteenth century, and has a good claim to be considered America’s first serious and considerable philosophical thinker. He was for many years a widely-renowned preacher and Congregationalist minister in New England; in 1748 a dispute with his congregation led him to resign (he couldn’t accept their view that unbelievers should be admitted to the Lord’s Supper in the hope that it would convert them); for some years after that he worked as a missionary, preaching to Indians through an interpreter;, then in 1758 he accepted the presidency of what is now Princeton University, and within two months died from a smallpox inoculation. Along the way he wrote some first-rate philosophy: his book attacking the notion of free will is still sometimes read..|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Alan Goldman (2010). Huckleberry Finn and Moral Motivation. Philosophy and Literature 34 (1):pp. 1-16.
Jung H. Lee (2009). The Moral Power of Jim: A Mencian Reading of Huckleberry Finn. Asian Philosophy 19 (2):101 – 118.
Craig Taylor (2001). Moral Incapacity and Huckleberry Finn. Ratio 14 (1):56–67.
David Bosco (1986). Conscience As Court And Worm: Calvin And The Three Elements Of Conscience. Journal of Religious Ethics 14 (2):333-355.
Jenny Teichman (1975). Mr. Bennett on Huckleberry Finn. Philosophy 50 (193):358 - 359.
Mark C. Murphy (1997). The Conscience Principle. Journal of Philosophical Research 22:387-407.
Anders Schinkel (2011). Huck Finn, Moral Language and Moral Education. Journal of Philosophy of Education 45 (3):511-525.
Bernard G. Prusak (2011). When Words Fail Us: Reexamining the Conscience of Huckleberry Finn. Journal of Aesthetic Education 45 (4):1-22.
Added to index2009-06-25
Total downloads146 ( #3,579 of 722,863 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #12,327 of 722,863 )
How can I increase my downloads?