David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 190 (17):3695-3713 (2013)
In this paper I will argue that (principled) attempts to ground a priori knowledge in default reasonable beliefs cannot capture certain common intuitions about what is required for a priori knowledge. I will describe hypothetical creatures who derive complex mathematical truths like Fermat’s last theorem via short and intuitively unconvincing arguments. Many philosophers with foundationalist inclinations will feel that these creatures must lack knowledge because they are unable to justify their mathematical assumptions in terms of the kind of basic facts which can be known without further argument. Yet, I will argue that nothing in the current literature lets us draw a principled distinction between what these creatures are doing and paradigmatic cases of good a priori reasoning (assuming that the latter are to be grounded in default reasonable beliefs). I will consider, in turn, appeals to reliability, coherence, conceptual truth and indispensability and argue that none of these can do the job
|Keywords||Epistemology A priori Basic knowledge|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Paul Benacerraf (1973). Mathematical Truth. Journal of Philosophy 70 (19):661-679.
Elijah Chudnoff (2013). Intuitive Knowledge. Philosophical Studies 162 (2):359-378.
Paul Boghossian (2003). Blind Reasoning. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):225–248.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Alan Gewirth (1983). The Rationality of Reasonableness. Synthese 57 (2):225 - 247.
Gregory Wheeler & Carlos Damasio (2004). An Implementation of Statistical Default Logic. In Jose Alferes & Joao Leite (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence (JELIA 2004). Springer
Thomas A. Spragens (2008). Democratic Reasonableness. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (2):193-214.
Gianni Amati, Luigia Carlucci Aiello & Fiora Pirri (1994). Defaults as Restrictions on Classical Hilbert-Style Proofs. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 3 (4):303-326.
Alex Lascarides, Ted Briscoe, Nicholas Asher & Ann Copestake (1996). Order Independent and Persistent Typed Default Unification. Linguistics and Philosophy 19 (1):1 - 90.
Joeri Engelfriet & Jan Treur (1998). An Interpretation of Default Logic in Minimal Temporal Epistemic Logic. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 7 (3):369-388.
Beihai Zhou & Yi Mao (2006). A Base Logic for Default Reasoning. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 1 (4):688-709.
Paolo Liberatore (2007). Consistency Defaults. Studia Logica 86 (1):89 - 110.
Annette Rid (2009). Justice and Procedure: How Does “Accountability for Reasonableness” Result in Fair Limit-Setting Decisions? Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (1):12-16.
Gregory Wheeler (2004). A Resource-Bounded Default Logic. In J. Delgrande & T. Schaub (eds.), Proceedings of NMR 2004. AAAI
Francis Jeffry Pelletier & Renée Elio (2005). The Case for Psychologism in Default and Inheritance Reasoning. Synthese 146 (1-2):7 - 35.
L. SchiLbach, S. Eickhoff, A. RotArskajagiela, G. Fink & K. Vogeley (2008). Minds at Rest? Social Cognition as the Default Mode of Cognizing and its Putative Relationship to the "Default System" of the Brain. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (2):457--467.
Grigoris Antoniou (1999). Splitting Finite Default Theories: A Comparison of Two Approaches. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 8 (2):205-216.
Added to index2012-12-06
Total downloads36 ( #107,337 of 1,789,932 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #197,702 of 1,789,932 )
How can I increase my downloads?