David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (2):153-169 (2000)
The introduction of contraceptive technologies hasresulted in the separation of sex and procreation. Theintroduction of new reproductive technologies (mainlyIVF and embryo transfer) has led not only to theseparation of procreation and sex, but also to there-definition of the terms mother and family.For the purpose of this essay, I will distinguishbetween:1. the genetic mother – the donor of the egg;2. the gestational mother – she who bears and gives birth to the baby;3. the social mother – the woman who raises the child.This essay will deal only with the form of gestationalsurrogacy in which the genetic parents intend to bethe social parents, and the surrogate mother has nogenetic relationship to the child she bears anddelivers. I will raise questions regarding medicalethical aspects of surrogacy and the obligation(s) ofthe physician(s) to the parties involved. I will arguethat the gestational surrogate is a womb to rent,that there is great similarity between gestationalcommercial surrogacy and organ transplant marketing.Furthermore, despite claims to freedom of choice andfree marketing, I will claim that gestationalsurrogacy is a form of prostitution and slavery,exploitation of the poor and needy by those who arebetter off. The right to be a parent, although notconstitutional, is intuitive and deeply rooted.However, the issue remains whether this rightoverrules all other rights, and at what price to theparties involved. I will finally raise the followingprovocative question to society: In the interim periodbetween today''s limited technology and tomorrow''sextra-corporeal gestation technology (ectogenesis),should utilizing females in PVS (persistent vehetativestate) for gestational surrogacy be sociallyacceptable/permissible – provided they have leftpermission in writing?
|Keywords||surrogacy gestation bonding genethics beneficence non-maleficence justice IVF embryo-transfer adoption PVS|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Jyotsna Agnihotri Gupta (2012). Reproductive Biocrossings: Indian Egg Donors and Surrogates in the Globalized Fertility Market. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (1):25-51.
Timothy F. Murphy (2012). Research Priorities and the Future of Pregnancy. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (01):78-89.
Louise Anna Helena Ramskold & Marcus Paul Posner (2013). Commercial Surrogacy: How Provisions of Monetary Remuneration and Powers of International Law Can Prevent Exploitation of Gestational Surrogates. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (6):397-402.
Similar books and articles
Jason K. M. Hanna (2010). Revisiting Child-Based Objections to Commercial Surrogacy. Bioethics 24 (7):341-347.
Liezl van Zyl (2002). Intentional Parenthood and the Nuclear Family. Journal of Medical Humanities 23 (2):107-118.
Yukari Semba, Chiungfang Chang, Hyunsoo Hong, Minori Kokado, Kaori Muto & Ayako Kamisato (2009). Surrogacy: Donor Conception Regulation in Japan. Bioethics 24 (7):348-357.
Brenda M. Baker (1996). A Case for Permitting Altruistic Surrogacy. Hypatia 11 (2):34 - 48.
Vanessa E. Munro (2001). Surrogacy and the Construction of the Maternal-Foetal Relationship: The Feminist Dilemma Examined. Res Publica 7 (1):13-37.
Casey Humbyrd (2009). Fair Trade International Surrogacy. Developing World Bioethics 9 (3):111-118.
Jennifer Damelio & Kelly Sorensen (2008). Enhancing Autonomy in Paid Surrogacy. Bioethics 22 (5):269–277.
Elie Spitz (1996). "Through Her I Too Shall Bear a Child": Birth Surrogates in Jewish Law. Journal of Religious Ethics 24 (1):65 - 97.
Kathryn MacKay (2009). An Examination of Exploitation in International Gestational Surrogacy Contracts. Dissertation, McGill University
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads102 ( #12,225 of 1,102,093 )
Recent downloads (6 months)14 ( #16,140 of 1,102,093 )
How can I increase my downloads?