David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (1):75-92 (1984)
This article is a philosophical and clinical investigation of the existential meaning of immobility which takes as its starting point Erwin Straus's writings on upright posture and movement. Physical restriction due to prolonged bed rest, traction, or confinement in an intensive care unit has long been recognized to have detrimental effects on the patient's overall physical well being (Asher, 1947; Olson, 1967; Pollard et al. , 1976: and Zubek et al. , 1969). Nevertheless, the adverse psychological and existential results of immobilization for the hospitalized patient have received little attention until recent times (Hammer and Kenan, 1980, p. 124). Even today, more research has focused on psychological aspects of sensory deprivation than on those of immobilization. This essay is both a philosophical and clinical inquiry which will investigate the existential meaning of immobility; that is, perception of one's own body on the part of patients who are living through the experience of immobility due to traction. The "lived-body" is more than an "image" or "picture": it is also a means of perceiving the world, an instrument for action, a means of interacting with others, and a medium for expressing one's individuality (Shontz. 1974. p. 465). In short, as Straus observes, the body is that "here" which is the ground for our ability to act in the world which is "there" (Spicker, 1976, p. 149). These latter considerations will prove useful in an examination of the experience of immobility. This article is divided into four parts. First, currently held assumptions about movement and sensation will be outlined and their philosophical origins will be traced. Second, Straus's own definitive writings on upright posture and movement will be discussed. Third, a clinical study involving immobilized orthopedic patients is described and its findings reviewed. Fourth, some ways of alleviating some of the concerns of immobilized patients are suggested. Keywords: Disability, Self-World CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
R. John Bench (1989). Health Science, Natural Science, and Clinical Knowledge. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (2):147-164.
Robert S. Williams Jr (1984). Ability, Dis-Ability and Rehabilitation: A Phenomenological Description. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (1):93-112.
S. Kay Toombs (1995). The Lived Experience of Disability. Human Studies 18 (1):9 - 23.
Borut Skodlar & Claudia Welz (2013). How a Therapist Survives the Suicide of a Patient—with a Special Focus on Patients with Psychosis. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (1):235-246.
Fredrik Svenaeus (2000). The Body Uncanny — Further Steps Towards a Phenomenology of Illness. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (2):125-137.
Winston Chiong (2006). The Real Problem with Equipoise. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):37 – 47.
Renaud Barbaras (2004). Affectivity and Movement: The Sense of Sensing in Erwin Straus. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (2):215-228.
Betty Kafanelis & Paul A. Komesaroff (2006). Body Talk in the Clinic as a Memoir of Real Lives: Katerina's Story. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (3):187-192.
Earl E. Shelp (1983). Courage and Tragedy in Clinical Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (4):417-429.
S. Kay Toombs (1988). Illness and the Paradigm of Lived Body. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (2).
Added to index2010-08-16
Total downloads7 ( #188,016 of 1,102,702 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #296,833 of 1,102,702 )
How can I increase my downloads?