Le sujet traumatisé

Abstract
L'auteur cherche à montrer que ce sont les événements exigeant une réponse qui donnent naissance au sujet. Parmi ces événements, le trauma occupe une place insigne car, mieux que tout autre événement, il manifeste la priorité de l'événement sur le sujet et la vulnérabilité de toute réponse subjective. S'appuyant tour à tour sur l'analyse du trauma chez Freud, Lacan et Lévinas, l'auteur interroge plus particulièrement la structure temporelle d'un événement traumatisant auquel le sujet ne fait face que dans l'après-coup et sans pouvoir conjurer la menace de son anéantissement futur. This article aims to show that the subject is born out of events which require a response. Among the events of this sort, trauma is a most significant example because, more than any other, it manifests the pre-eminence of the event over the subject, and the vulnerability of all subjective responses. Using the analysis of trauma found in Freud, Lacan and Lévinas, the author investigates more particularly the temporality of a traumatic event to which the response of the subject always comes too late. As well the response cannot do away with the threat of the subject's future disappearance.
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