Graduate studies at Western
Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (3):315-340 (2000)
|Abstract||In this paper, we empirically explore some manifestations of norms for the conduct of science. We focus on scientific research ethics and report survey results from 606 scientists who received funding in 1993 and 1994 from the Division of Molecular and Cellular Biology of the Biology Directorate of the National Science Foundation. We also report results for 91 administrators charged with overseeing research integrity at the scientists’ research institutions. Both groups of respondents were presented with a set of scenarios, designed by fractional factorial methods, describing different kinds of scientific conduct that in the eyes of some would likely be unethical. Respondents then were asked to evaluate each of these scenarios for how unethical the behavior might be and what kinds of sanctions might be appropriate. We use the responses to consider the nature of consensus around norms related to the practice of science and in particular, similarities and differences between scientists and science administrators. Implications for policy are also discussed.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Gary E. Marchant & Lynda L. Pope (2009). The Problems with Forbidding Science. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):375-394.
Seymour J. Garte (1995). Guidelines for Training in the Ethical Conduct of Scientific Research. Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (1).
Ruth Ellen Bulger, Elizabeth Heitman & Stanley Joel Reiser (eds.) (1993). The Ethical Dimensions of the Biological Sciences. Cambridge University Press.
Katherine McComas (2012). Researcher Views About Funding Sources and Conflicts of Interest in Nanotechnology. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (4):699-717.
Kyung-Man Kim (1996). Hierarchy of Scientific Consensus and the Flow of Dissensus Over Time. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 26 (1):3-25.
Paul J. Friedman (1996). An Introduction to Research Ethics. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (4):443-456.
Felice J. Levine & Joyce M. Iutcovich (2003). Challenges in Studying the Effects of Scientific Societies on Research Integrity. Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (2):257-268.
Zamora Bonilla & P. Jesús (2008). Normativity and Self-Interest in Scientific Research. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 96 (1):71-81.
Nancy L. Jones (2007). A Code of Ethics for the Life Sciences. Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):25-43.
Pierre Cossette (2004). Research Integrity: An Exploratory Survey of Administrative Science Faculties. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 49 (3):213-234.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads5 ( #170,177 of 739,352 )
Recent downloads (6 months)0
How can I increase my downloads?