Externalism, internalism, and logical truth

Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):1-29 (2009)
The aim of this paper is to show what sorts of logics are required by externalist and internalist accounts of the meanings of natural kind nouns. These logics give us a new perspective from which to evaluate the respective positions in the externalist-internalist debate about the meanings of such nouns. The two main claims of the paper are the following: first, that adequate logics for internalism and externalism about natural kind nouns are second-order logics; second, that an internalist second-order logic is a free logic—a second order logic free of existential commitments for natural kind nouns, while an externalist second-order logic is not free of existential commitments for natural kind nouns—it is existentially committed.
Keywords Natural Kind Nouns  Second-Order Logic  Free Logic  Semantic Externalism and Internalism  Kaplan
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DOI 10.1017/S1755020309090091
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