David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Phronesis 52 (1):3-32 (2007)
The paper first discusses the metaphysical framework that allows the soul's integration into the physical world. A close examination of B36, supported by the comparative evidence of some other early theories of the soul, suggests that the word psuchê could function as both a mass term and a count noun for Heraclitus. There is a stuff in the world, alongside other physical elements, that manifests mental functions. Humans, and possibly other beings, show mental functions in so far as they have a portion of that stuff. Turning to the physical characterization of the soul, the paper argues that B36 is entirely consistent with the ancient testimonies that say that psuchê for Heraclitus is exhalation. But exhalations cover all states of matter from the lowest moist part of atmospheric air to the fire of celestial bodies. If so, psuchê for Heraclitus is both air and fire. The fact that psuchê can manifest the whole range of physical properties along the dry-wet axis guarantees that souls can show different intellectual and ethical properties as well. Moreover, Sextus Empiricus, supported by some other sources, provides us with an answer how portions of soul stuff are individuated into individual souls. The paper closes with a brief discussion of the question whether, and if so with what qualifications, we can apply the term 'physicalism' to Presocratic theories of the soul
|Keywords||PSYCHOLOGY COSMOLOGY SOUL MIND HERACLITUS|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Shawn Loht (forthcoming). On the Concept of the Human Body in Heraclitus. Proceedings of the Southeast Philosophy Congress.
Heraclitus (1981). The Art and Thought of Heraclitus: An Edition of the Fragments with Translation and Commentary. Cambridge Univ Pr.
Byong-Chul Park (1998). Wittgenstein's Use of the Word 'Aspekt'. Synthese 115 (1):131-140.
Serge Mouraviev (2008). Doctrinalia Heraclitea I Et II: Âme du Monde Et Embrasement Universel (Notes de Lecture). Phronesis 53 (s 4-5):315-358.
Nicholas Maxwell (2002). Science and Meaning. The Philosophers' Magazine (18):15-16.
Mantas Adomenas (1999). Heraclitus on Religion. Phronesis 44 (2):87-113.
Dror Post (2009). Heraclitus's Hope for the Unhoped. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (2):229-240.
Herbert Granger (2000). Death's Other Kingdom: Heraclitus on the Life of the Foolish and the Wise. Classical Philology 95 (3):260-281.
Enrique Hülsz Piccone (2013). Heraclitus on Фύσις. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (2):179-194.
Theodoros Christidis & Demetrius Athanassakis (2010). On Heraclitus' Concept of Λόγοϛ. Philosophical Inquiry 32 (3-4):61-71.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads41 ( #57,556 of 1,696,306 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #137,999 of 1,696,306 )
How can I increase my downloads?