Causation Without Influence

Erkenntnis 76 (1):1-22 (2012)
Abstract
David Lewis’s latest theory of causation defines the causal link in terms of the relation of influence between events. It turns out, however, that one event’s influencing another is neither a necessary nor sufficient condition for its being a cause of that event. In the article one particular case of causality without influence is presented and developed. This case not only serves as a counterexample to Lewis’s influence theory, but also threatens earlier counterfactual analyses of causation by admitting a particularly troublesome type of preemption. The conclusion of the article is that Lewis’s influence method of solving the preemption problem fails, and that we need a new and fresh approach to the cases of redundant causation if we want to hold on to the counterfactual analysis of causation
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References found in this work BETA
Phil Dowe, Causal Processes. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Phil Dowe (2000). Physical Causation. Cambridge University Press.
Hartry Field (2003). Causation in a Physical World. In Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics. Oxford University Press. 435-460.
Ned Hall (2000). Causation and the Price of Transitivity. Journal of Philosophy 97 (4):198-222.

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I. Kvart (2001). Lewis's 'Causation as Influence'. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (3):409 – 421.
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Peter Menzies, Counterfactual Theories of Causation. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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Peter Menzies (2004). Difference-Making in Context. In J. Collins, N. Hall & L. Paul (eds.), Causation and Counterfactuals. Mit Press.
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