David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):395 – 408 (2008)
In a famous study of expert problem solving, de Groot (1946/1978) examined how chess players found the best move. He reported that there was little difference in the way that the best players (Grand Masters) and very good players (Candidate Masters) searched the board. Although this result has been regularly cited in studies of expertise, it is frequently misquoted. It is often claimed that de Groot found no difference in the way that experts and novices investigate a problem. Comparison of expert and novice chess players on de Groot's problem shows that there are clear differences in their search patterns. We discuss the troublesome theoretical and practical consequences of incorrectly reporting de Groot's findings.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Arto Siitonen (1998). On the Philosophical Dimensions of Chess. Inquiry 41 (4):455 – 475.
Linden J. Ball Jonathan St B. T. Evans Ian Dennis Thomas & C. Ormerod (1997). Problem-Solving Strategies and Expertise in Engineering Design. Thinking and Reasoning 3 (4):247 – 270.
Timothy J. Nokes-Malach, Michelle L. Meade & Daniel G. Morrow (2012). The Effect of Expertise on Collaborative Problem Solving. Thinking and Reasoning 18 (1):32 - 58.
Barbara Montero & C. Evans (2011). Intuitions Without Concepts Lose the Game: Mindedness in the Art of Chess. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (2):175-194.
Vanessa J. Clarke Koen Lamberts (1997). Strategy Shifts and Expertise in Solving Transformation Rule Problems. Thinking and Reasoning 3 (4):271 – 290.
Fernand Gobet (1997). A Pattern-Recognition Theory of Search in Expert Problem Solving. Thinking and Reasoning 3 (4):291 – 313.
Michael H. Connors, Bruce D. Burns & Guillermo Campitelli (2011). Expertise in Complex Decision Making: The Role of Search in Chess 70 Years After de Groot. Cognitive Science 35 (8):1567-1579.
Fernand Gobet, Peter McLeod & Merim Bilalić (2011). Expert and “Novice” Problem Solving Strategies in Chess: Sixty Years of Citing de Groot (1946). Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):395-408.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads17 ( #103,238 of 1,102,037 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #306,606 of 1,102,037 )
How can I increase my downloads?