David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (1):81-110 (2007)
Traditional approaches to epistemology have sought, unsuccessfully, to define knowledge in terms of justification. I follow Timothy Williamson in arguing that this is misconceived and that we should take knowledge as our fundamental epistemological notion. We can then characterise justification as a certain sort of approximation to knowledge. A judgement is justified if and only if the reason (if there is one) for a failure to know is to be found outside the subject's mental states; that is, justified judging is possible knowing (where one world accessible from another if and only if they are identical with regard to a subject's antecedent mental states and judgement forming processes). This view is explained and defended.
|Keywords||justification, belief, judgment|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Clayton Littlejohn (2010). Moore's Paradox and Epistemic Norms. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (1):79 – 100.
Alexander Bird (2010). The Epistemology of Science—a Bird's-Eye View. Synthese 175 (1):5 - 16.
Aidan McGlynn (2013). Believing Things Unknown. Noûs 47 (2):385-407.
Nicholas Shackel (2014). The Nought Belief Paradox. Erkenntnis 79 (3):523-529.
Martin Smith (2014). Knowledge, Justification and Normative Coincidence1. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 89 (2):273-295.
Similar books and articles
B. J. C. Madison (2010). Is Justification Knowledge? Journal of Philosophical Research 35:173-191.
Paul Faulkner (2004). Relativism and Our Warrant for Scientific Theories. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 12 (3):259 – 269.
Jonathan Sutton (2005). Stick to What You Know. Noûs 39 (3):359–396.
Matthias Steup, Epistemology. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Steven L. Reynolds (2013). Justification as the Appearance of Knowledge. Philosophical Studies 163 (2):367-383.
Jonathan L. Kvanvig & Christopher Menzel (1990). The Basic Notion of Justification. Philosophical Studies 59 (3):235-261.
Alexander Bird (2007). Justified Judging. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (1):81–110.
Added to index2009-04-26
Total downloads44 ( #44,182 of 1,410,220 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #30,399 of 1,410,220 )
How can I increase my downloads?