David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Continental Philosophy Review 43 (1):39-60 (2010)
This article explicates the meaning of the paradox from the perspective of sexual difference, as articulated by Simone de Beauvoir. I claim that the self, the other, and their becoming are sexed in Beauvoir’s early literary writing before the question of sexual difference is posed in The Second Sex (1949). In particular, Beauvoir’s description of Françoise’s subjective becoming in the novel She Came to Stay (1943) anticipates her later systematic description of ‘the woman in love’. In addition, I argue that the different existential types appearing at the end of The Second Sex (the narcissist, the woman in love, the mystic, and the independent woman) are variations of a specific feminine, historically changing paradox of subjectivity. According to this paradox, women, in a different mode than men, must become what they ontologically “are”: beings of change and self-transcendence that have to realise the human condition in their concrete, singular lives. My interpretation draws on Kierkegaardian philosophy of existence, phenomenology, and early psychoanalysis.
|Keywords||Simone de Beauvoir Paradox Subjective becoming Femininity Narcissism Love|
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References found in this work BETA
Nancy Bauer (2006). Beauvoir's Heideggerian Ontology. In Margaret A. Simons (ed.), The Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir: Critical Essays. Indiana University Press.
Nancy Bauer (2001). Simone de Beauvoir, Philosophy, and Feminism. Columbia University Press.
Debra Bergoffen (1996). The Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir: Gendered Phenomenologies, Erotic Generosities. State University of New York Press.
Rosi Braidotti (2003). Becoming Woman: Or Sexual Difference Revisited. Theory, Culture and Society 20 (3):43-64.
Jodi Dean, Cathrine Egeland, Elizabeth Grosz, Sara Heinämaa, Lisa Käll, Johanna Oksala, Kelly Oliver, Tiina Rosenberg, Kristin Sampson & Vigdis Songe-Møller (2006). Sex, Breath, and Force: Sexual Difference in a Post-Feminist Era. Lexington Books.
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