How similar are fluid cognition and general intelligence? A developmental neuroscience perspective on fluid cognition as an aspect of human cognitive ability
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):109-125 (2006)
This target article considers the relation of fluid cognitive functioning to general intelligence. A neurobiological model differentiating working memory/executive function cognitive processes of the prefrontal cortex from aspects of psychometrically defined general intelligence is presented. Work examining the rise in mean intelligence-test performance between normative cohorts, the neuropsychology and neuroscience of cognitive function in typically and atypically developing human populations, and stress, brain development, and corticolimbic connectivity in human and nonhuman animal models is reviewed and found to provide evidence of mechanisms through which early experience affects the development of an aspect of cognition closely related to, but distinct from, general intelligence. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of emotion in fluid cognition and on research indicating fluid cognitive deficits associated with early hippocampal pathology and with dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis stress-response system. Findings are seen to be consistent with the idea of an independent fluid cognitive construct and to assist with the interpretation of findings from the study of early compensatory education for children facing psychosocial adversity and from behavior genetic research on intelligence. It is concluded that ongoing development of neurobiologically grounded measures of fluid cognitive skills appropriate for young children will play a key role in understanding early mental development and the adaptive success to which it is related, particularly for young children facing social and economic disadvantage. Specifically, in the evaluation of the efficacy of compensatory education efforts such as Head Start and the readiness for school of children from diverse backgrounds, it is important to distinguish fluid cognition from psychometrically defined general intelligence. (Published Online April 5 2006) Key Words: cognition; cognition-emotion reciprocity; developmental disorders; emotion; fluid cognition; Flynn effect; general intelligence; limbic system; neuroscience; phenylketonuria; prefrontal cortex; psychometrics; schizophrenia.
|Keywords||cognition cognition-emotion reciprocity developmental disorders emotion fluid cognition Flynn effect general intelligence limbic system neuroscience phenylketonuria prefrontal cortex psychometrics schizophrenia|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
John Geake (2011). Position Statement on Motivations, Methodologies, and Practical Implications of Educational Neuroscience Research: fMRI Studies of the Neural Correlates of Creative Intelligence. Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (1):43-47.
Hadas ErEl & Nachshon Meiran (2011). Mindset Changes Lead to Drastic Impairments in Rule Finding. Cognition 119 (2):149-165.
Similar books and articles
Dennis Garlick & Terrence J. Sejnowski (2006). There is More to Fluid Intelligence Than Working Memory Capacity and Executive Function. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):134-135.
Mike Anderson (2006). What We Need is Better Theory, Not More Data. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):125-126.
Kristof Kovacs, Kate C. Plaisted & Nicholas J. Mackintosh (2006). Difficulties Differentiating Dissociations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):138-139.
Nelson Cowan (2006). Within Fluid Cognition: Fluid Processing and Fluid Storage? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):129-130.
Ruth M. Ford (2006). Early Intervention and the Growth of Children's Fluid Intelligence: A Cognitive Developmental Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):133-134.
Clancy Blair (2006). Toward a Revised Theory of General Intelligence: Further Examination of Fluid Cognitive Abilities as Unique Aspects of Human Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):145-153.
Nancy A. Zook & Deana B. Davalos (2006). Can Fluid and General Intelligence Be Differentiated in an Older Adult Population? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):143-145.
Indre V. Viskontas & Keith J. Holyoak (2006). Mechanisms of Fluid Cognition: Relational Integration and Inhibition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):141-142.
Gregory C. Burgess, Todd S. Braver & Jeremy R. Gray (2006). Exactly How Are Fluid Intelligence, Working Memory, and Executive Function Related? Cognitive Neuroscience Approaches to Investigating the Mechanisms of Fluid Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):128-129.
Oana Benga (2006). Heterogeneity in Fluid Cognition and Some Neural Underpinnings. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):126-126.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads59 ( #26,727 of 1,103,008 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #46,928 of 1,103,008 )
How can I increase my downloads?