David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (1):29-50 (1983)
Attempts to formalize the diagnostic process are by no means a recent undertaking; what is new is the availability of an engine to process these formalizations. The digital computer has therefore been increasingly turned to in the expectation of developing systems which will assist or replace the physician in diagnosis. Such efforts involve a number of assumptions regarding the nature of the diagnostic process: e.g. where it begins, and where it ends. ‘Diagnosis’ appears to include a number of quite different cognitive processes, some of which seem more subject to formalization than others. Underlying the difficulties inherent in these efforts at formalization, is the hierarchical structure of medical knowledge including that of diseases. (By ‘hierarchical structure’, I mean no more than that our descriptions of clinical objects necessarily refer to different levels of organization; atomic, molecular, cellular, physiological system, entire patient.) Since diagnosis is in part a form of classification, measures of similarity between the clinical findings of a particular patient and a potential disease, are needed. This is complicated by the fact that some diseases are described using the vocabularies of physics and chemistry, others with the vocabulary of psychology, and most, with terms taken from a number of different hierarchical levels. The differences between the descriptions made using these vocabularies will be seen to exert systematic (if not uniform) influences upon the diagnostic process. CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Maria Korab-Laskowska (1980). Hypothetico-Nomological Aspects of Medical Diagnosis Part II: Formal Model of the Explanation and Testing Procedures. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (2):195-205.
Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh (1987). Foundations of Clinical Praxiology Part I: The Relativity of Medical Diagnosis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):183-196.
Lars Elffors (1988). On Assessing the Validity of the Main Diagnosis in Patient Data Bases: The Impact of Aims for Making Diagnosis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (2).
Jan Doroszewski (1980). Hypothetico-Nomological Aspects of Medical Diagnosis Part I: General Structure of the Diagnostic Process and its Hypothesis-Directed Stage. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (2):177-194.
Caroline Whitbeck (1981). What is Diagnosis? Some Critical Reflections. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):319-329.
G. William Moore & Grover M. Hutchins (1987). Three Paradoxes of Medical Diagnosis. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2):197-215.
James G. Mazoué (1990). Diagnosis Without Doctors. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (6):559-579.
Victor L. Yu (1983). Conceptual Obstacles in Computerized Medical Diagnosis. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (1):67-76.
Ernan McMullin (1983). Diagnosis by Computer. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (1):5-28.
Marx W. Wartofsky (1986). Clinical Judgment, Expert Programs, and Cognitive Style: A Counter-Essay in the Logic of Diagnosis. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 11 (1):81-92.
Added to index2010-08-14
Total downloads3 ( #344,841 of 1,692,217 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #184,284 of 1,692,217 )
How can I increase my downloads?