David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Asian Philosophy 19 (1):51-62 (2011)
It is common for philosophers from the Madhyamaka school of Indian Buddhist thought to offer a presentation of the two truths, ultimate truth ( param rthasatya ) and conventional truth ( sa v tisatya ), as a vehicle for presenting their views on the ontological status of entities. Though there is some degree of variance, generally ultimate truths are described as objects known by an awareness of knowing things as they are. Conventional truths are objects as conceived by a mistaken awareness, one that superimposes a mode of existence onto objects that is not actually there. These two truths are contrasted (one is accurate; one is not) and used as a vehicle for understanding the ontological status of phenomena and the means by which they are known. ntarak ita (725-788 CE) was among the most important Madhyamaka thinkers in Indian Buddhist history, yet his presentation of the two truths has several features that signal its uniqueness. This paper will discuss two particular unique dimensions to ntarak ita's views on the two truths: his integration of aspects of Cittamatra/Yog c ra thinking, including the rejection of external objects, into his presentation of conventional truths, and the dynamic way in which conventional truths are not merely presented as objects of a mistaken awareness, but rather as an important soteriological step in the process of realizing the ultimate. This syncretic and dynamic integration of Yog c ra thought, where its ideas are fully engaged and incorporated into an over-arching Madhyamaka philosophical system is a key component to the thought of one of the most important, influential, and innovative figures in the late period of Indian Madhyamaka, and one which has yet to be fully acknowledged in secondary literature
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Georges B. J. Dreyfus (1997). Recognizing Reality Dharmakirti's Philosophy and its Tibetan Interpretations. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
David Seyfort Ruegg (1981). The Literature of the Madhyamaka School of Philosophy in India. Harrassowitz.
Tom J. F. Tillemans (1984). Two Tibetan Texts on the “Neither One nor Many” Argument for Śūnyatā. Journal of Indian Philosophy 12 (4):357-388.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Hisayasu Kobayashi (2011). Prajñākaragupta on the Two Truths and Argumentation. Journal of Indian Philosophy 39 (4-5):427-439.
Quentin Smith (1995). Explanatory Rationalism and Contingent Truths. Religious Studies 31 (2):237 - 242.
Julián Garrido Garrido (1992). Los cuatro tipos de verdad científica. Theoria 7 (1-2):1183-1197.
Patricia Easton (2009). What is at Stake in the Cartesian Debates on the Eternal Truths? Philosophy Compass 4 (2):348-362.
Sonam Thakchoe (2007). The Two Truths Debate: Tsongkhapa and Gorampa on the Middle Way. Wisdom Publications.
James Blumenthal (2009). Dynamic and Syncretic Dimensions to Ntarak Ita's Presentation of the Two Truths. Asian Philosophy 19 (1):51 – 62.
Sonam Thakchoe (2004). How Many Truths? Are There Two Truths or One in the Tibetan Prāsa[Ndot]Gika Madhyamaka? Contemporary Buddhism 5 (2):121-141.
Sonam Thakchoe (2003). 'The Relationship Between the Two Truths': A Comparative Analysis of Two Tibetan Accounts. Contemporary Buddhism 4 (2):111-127.
Added to index2010-07-12
Total downloads13 ( #272,377 of 1,907,077 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #467,622 of 1,907,077 )
How can I increase my downloads?