Graduate studies at Western
In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2006)
|Abstract||Logic as a discipline starts with the transition from the more or less unreflective use of logical methods and argument patterns to the reflection on and inquiry into these and their elements, including the syntax and semantics of sentences. In Greek and Roman antiquity, discussions of some elements of logic and a focus on methods of inference can be traced back to the late 5th century BCE. The Sophists, and later Plato (early 4th c.) displayed an interest in sentence analysis, truth, and fallacies, and Eubulides of Miletus (mid-4th c.) is on record as the inventor of both the Liar and the Sorites paradox. But logic as a fully systematic discipline begins with Aristotle, who systematized much of the logical inquiry of his predecessors. His main achievements were his theory of the logical interrelation of affirmative and negative existential and universal statements and, based on this theory, his syllogistic, which can be interpreted as a system of deductive inference. Aristotle's logic is known as term-logic, since it is concerned with the logical relations between terms, such as ‘human being’, ‘animal’, ‘white’. It shares elements with both set theory and predicate logic. Aristotle's successors in his school, the Peripatos, notably Theophrastus and Eudemus, widened the scope of deductive inference and improved some aspects of Aristotle's logic|
|Keywords||Syllogistic Aristotelian Logic Stoic Logic Theophrastus Stoic Syllogistic Hypothetical syllogism Stoic Indemonstrables propositional logic term logic|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Matthew McKeon, Logical Consequence, Deductive-Theoretic Conceptions. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Susanne Bobzien (2002). The Development of Modus Ponens in Antiquity: From Aristotle to the 2nd Century AD. Phronesis 47 (4):359-394.
G. Aldo Antonelli (2004). Logic. In Luciano Floridi (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information. Blackwell.
John Corcoran (2003). Aristotle's Prior Analytics and Boole's Laws of Thought. History and Philosophy of Logic. 24 (4):261-288.
Susanne Bobzien (2002). The Development of Modus Ponens in Antiquity: From Aristotle to the 2nd Century AD. Phronesis 47 (4):359 - 394.
Susanne Bobzien (2002). Propositional Logic in Ammonius. In Helmut Linneweber-Lammerskitten & Georg Mohr (eds.), Interpretation und Argument. Koenigshausen & Neumann.
Jonathan Barnes (2007/2009). Truth, Etc.: Six Lectures on Ancient Logic. Oxford University Press.
Theodore Hailperin (1991). Probability Logic in the Twentieth Century. History and Philosophy of Logic 12 (1):71-110.
Jonathan Lear (1980). Aristotle and Logical Theory. Cambridge University Press.
Peter Schroeder-Heister (1984). Popper's Theory of Deductive Inference and the Concept of a Logical Constant. History and Philosophy of Logic 5 (1):79-110.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads52 ( #23,812 of 739,396 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #13,438 of 739,396 )
How can I increase my downloads?