David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2004)
The ‘Dialectical school’ denotes a group of early Hellenistic philosophers that were loosely connected by philosophizing in the — Socratic — tradition of Eubulides of Megara and by their interest in logical paradoxes, propositional logic and dialectical expertise. . Its two best known members, Diodorus Cronus and Philo the Logician, made groundbreaking contributions to the development of theories of conditionals and modal logic. Philo introduced a version of material implication; Diodorus devised a forerunner of strict implication. Each developed a system of modal notions that satisfies the basic logical requirements laid down by modern standard modal theories. In antiquity, Diodorus Cronus was famous for his so called Master Argument, which aims to prove that only the actual is possible.
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Sara L. Uckelman & Joel Uckelman (2007). Modal and Temporal Logics for Abstract Space–Time Structures. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 38 (3):673-681.
Peter K. Schotch & Gillman Payette (2011). Worlds and Times: NS and the Master Argument. Synthese 181 (2):295 - 315.
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