David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (4):533 - 559 (2006)
In "The History of Sexuality", Foucault maintains that "Western man has become a confessing animal" (1990, 59), thus implying that "man" was not always such a creature. On a related point, Wittgenstein suggests that "man is a ceremonial animal" (1996, 67); here the suggestion is that human beings are, by their very nature, ritualistically inclined. In this paper I examine this crucial difference in emphasis, first by reconstructing Foucault's "genealogy" of confession, and subsequently by exploring relevant facets of Wittgenstein's later thinking. While there are significant correlations between Foucault and Wittgenstein, an important disparity emerges in relation to the question of the "natural." By critically analyzing this, I show how Wittgenstein's minimal naturalism provides an important corrective to Foucault's more extravagant claims. By implication, we see why any radical relativist, historicist, and/or constructivist position becomes untenable on Wittgensteinian grounds, even though Wittgenstein himself is often read as promoting such views
|Keywords||historicism Wittgenstein Foucault naturalism confession genealogy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Susan David Bernstein (1992). Confessing Feminist Theory: What's "I" Got to Do with It? Hypatia 7 (2):120 - 147.
David J. Mellor (2009). The Sciences of Animal Welfare. Wiley-Blackwell.
Brett Thomas Summers, The Role of Practice in the Accounts of Language Presented by Michel Foucault and Ludwig Wittgenstein.
Bob Jessop (2010). Constituting Another Foucault Effect : Foucault on States and Statecraft. In Ulrich Bröckling, Susanne Krasmann & Thomas Lemke (eds.), Governmentality: Current Issues and Future Challenges. Routledge. 56.
Nigel Pleasants (2006). Nonsense on Stilts? Wittgenstein, Ethics, and the Lives of Animals. Inquiry 49 (4):314 – 336.
David G. Stern (2004). Weininger and Wittgenstein on ‘Animal Psychology.’. In David G. Stern & Béla Szabados (eds.), Wittgenstein Reads Weininger. Cambridge University Press. 169.
Clare Palmer (2001). “Taming the Wild Profusion of Existing Things”?: A Study of Foucault, Power, and Human/Animal Relationships. Environmental Ethics 23 (4):339-358.
Mark Rowlands (2009). Animal Rights: Moral Theory and Practice. Palgrave Macmillan.
Babette Babich (2009). ‘A Philosophical Shock’: Foucault’s Reading of Heidegger and Nietzsche. In Carlos G. Prado (ed.), Foucault's Legacy. Continuum.
Geoff Danaher (2000). Understanding Foucault. Sage Publications.
Jeremy R. Carrette (2000). Foucault and Religion: Spiritual Corporality and Political Spirituality. Routledge.
Bob Robinson, Michel Foucault: Ethics. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
B. Plant (2011). Welcoming Dogs: Levinas and 'the Animal' Question. Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (1):49-71.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads11 ( #139,354 of 1,102,629 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #85,067 of 1,102,629 )
How can I increase my downloads?