David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (4):317-357 (2004)
This article describes an ontological model of norms. The basic assumption is that a substantial part of a legal system is grounded on the concept of agency. Since a legal system aims at regulating a society, then its goal can be achieved only by affecting the behaviour of the members of the society. We assume that a society is made up of agents (which can be individuals, institutions, software programs, etc.), that agents have beliefs, goals and preferences, and that they commit to intentions in order to choose a line of behaviour. The role of norms, within a legal system, is to specify how and when the chosen behaviour agrees with the basic principles of the legal system. In this article, we show how a model based on plans can be the basis for the ontological representation of norms, which are expressed as constraints on the possible plans an agent may choose to guide its behaviour. Moreover, the paper describes how the proposed model can be linked to the upper level of a philosophically well-founded ontology (DOLCE); in this way, the model is set in a wider perspective, which opens the way to further developments.
|Keywords||legal knowledge representation ontologies planning BDI agents|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
María Cristina Redondo (2005). Legal Reasons: Between Universalism and Particularism. Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (1):47-68.
M. Baurmann (2000). Legal Authority as a Social Fact. Law and Philosophy 19 (2):247-262.
U. Schmill (2000). The Dynamic Order of Norms, Empowerment and Related Concepts. Law and Philosophy 19 (2):283-310.
Jaap Hage (1996). A Theory of Legal Reasoning and a Logic to Match. Artificial Intelligence and Law 4 (3-4):199-273.
Dick W. P. Ruiter (1997). Legal Validity Qua Specific Mode of Existence. Law and Philosophy 16 (5):479 - 505.
P. W. (1997). Legal Validity Qua Specific Mode of Existence. Law and Philosophy 16 (5):479-505.
Antonio Argandoña (2004). Economic Ethics and Institutional Change. Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):191-201.
Frank Dignum (1999). Autonomous Agents with Norms. Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (1):69-79.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads18 ( #132,725 of 1,696,514 )
Recent downloads (6 months)11 ( #51,890 of 1,696,514 )
How can I increase my downloads?