Open or closed? Dirac, Heisenberg, and the relation between classical and quantum mechanics

This paper describes a long-standing, though little-known, debate between Paul Dirac and Werner Heisenberg over the nature of scientific methodology, theory change, and intertheoretic relations. Following Heisenberg’s terminology, their disagreements can be summarized as a debate over whether the classical and quantum theories are “open” or “closed.” A close examination of this debate sheds new light on the philosophical views of two of the great founders of quantum theory.
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DOI 10.1016/j.shpsb.2003.11.002
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References found in this work BETA
Mathias Frisch (2002). Non-Locality in Classical Electrodynamics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (1):1-19.
Nancy Cartwright (1994). The Metaphysics of the Disunified World. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:357 - 364.

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