Rethinking thought experiments

Perspectives on Science 9 (3):285-307 (2001)
Abstract
: An examination of two thought experiments in contemporary physics reveals that the same thought experiment can be reanalyzed from the perspective of different and incompatible theories. This fact undermines those accounts of thought experiments that claim their justificatory power comes from their ability to reveal the laws of nature. While thought experiments do play a genuine evaluative role in science, they do so by testing the nonempirical virtues of a theory, such as consistency and explanatory power. I conclude that, while their interpretation presupposes a whole set of background theories and putative laws, thought experiments nonetheless can evolve and be retooled for different theories and ends
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DOI 10.1162/10636140160176152
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References found in this work BETA
Elie Zahar (1973). Why Did Einstein's Programme Supersede Lorentz's? (I). British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 24 (2):95-123.
Don Howard (1985). Einstein on Locality and Separability. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 16 (3):171-201.
John Norton (1996). Are Thought Experiments Just What You Thought? Canadian Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):333 - 366.

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Citations of this work BETA
Catherine Z. Elgin (2014). Fiction as Thought Experiment. Perspectives on Science 22 (2):221-241.
Walter Hopp (2014). Experiments in Thought. Perspectives on Science 22 (2):242-263.

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Jeanne Peijnenburg & David Atkinson (2003). When Are Thought Experiments Poor Ones? Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 34 (2):305-322.
David Atkinson (2003). When Are Thought Experiments Poor Ones? Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 34 (2):305 - 322.

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