A two-tiered cognitive architecture for moral reasoning

Biology and Philosophy 16 (3):339-356 (2001)
Abstract
The view that moral cognition is subserved by a two-tieredarchitecture is defended: Moral reasoning is the result both ofspecialized, informationally encapsulated modules which automaticallyand effortlessly generate intuitions; and of general-purpose,cognitively penetrable mechanisms which enable moral judgment in thelight of the agent's general fund of knowledge. This view is contrastedwith rival architectures of social/moral cognition, such as Cosmidesand Tooby's view that the mind is wholly modular, and it is argued thata two-tiered architecture is more plausible.
Keywords ambivalence  attitude  cognitive architecture  cognitively penetrable  inclusive fitness  informationally encapsulated  mental faculty  module  moral intuition  moral judgment  repression  strength of attitude  teleological
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