Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (4):285-300 (2007)
|Abstract||Our knowledge of the human brain and the influence of pharmacological substances on human mental functioning is expanding. This creates new possibilities to enhance personality and character traits. Psychopharmacological enhancers, as well as other enhancement technologies, raise moral questions concerning the boundary between clinical therapy and enhancement, risks and safety, coercion and justice. Other moral questions include the meaning and value of identity and authenticity, the role of happiness for a good life, or the perceived threats to humanity. Identity and authenticity are central in the debate on psychopharmacological enhancers. In this paper, I first describe the concerns at issue here as extensively propounded by Carl Elliott. Next, I address David DeGrazia’s theory, which holds that there are no fundamental identity-related and authenticity-related arguments against enhancement technologies. I argue, however, that DeGrazia’s line of reasoning does not succeed in settling these concerns. His conception of identity does not seem able to account for the importance we attach to personal identity in␣cases where personal identity is changed through enhancement technology. Moreover, his conception of authenticity does not explain the reason why we find inauthentic values objectionable. A broader approach to authenticity can make sense of concerns about changes in personal identity by means of enhancement technologies.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
C. Elliott (2011). Enhancement Technologies and the Modern Self. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (4):364-374.
David DeGrazia (2005). Human Identity and Bioethics. Cambridge University Press.
Neil Levy (2011). Enhancing Authenticity. Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (3):308-318.
Nick Bostrom (2009). Cognitive Enhancement: Methods, Ethics, Regulatory Challenges. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3).
Felicitas Kraemer (2011). Authenticity Anyone? The Enhancement of Emotions Via Neuro-Psychopharmacology. Neuroethics 4 (1):51-64.
Jan Christoph Bublitz & Reinhard Merkel (2009). Autonomy and Authenticity of Enhanced Personality Traits. Bioethics 23 (6):360-374.
David Degrazia (2005). Enhancement Technologies and Human Identity. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (3):261 – 283.
Alexandre Erler (2011). Does Memory Modification Threaten Our Authenticity? Neuroethics 4 (3):235-249.
Ineke Bolt & Maartje Schermer (2009). Psychopharmaceutical Enhancers: Enhancing Identity? Neuroethics 2 (2).
Erik Parens (2005). Authenticity and Ambivalence: Toward Understanding the Enhancement Debate. Hastings Center Report 35 (3):34-41.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads59 ( #16,382 of 548,984 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #25,729 of 548,984 )
How can I increase my downloads?