A pragmatic framework for truth in fiction

Dialectica 57 (2):103–120 (2003)
In this paper we propose a semantic analysis of sentences of the form "In fiction x, p" based on this picture of context. We argue that the derived contexts for sentences in the scope of "In fiction X" are determined by three factors: what the beliefs of the author are taken to be, the conventions established for the fiction, and a defeasible presumption of reliability of the narrator. We develop a formal implementation based on the notion of a system of spheres centered on a set of worlds. (edited)
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DOI 10.1111/j.1746-8361.2003.tb00259.x
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Robert Stalnaker (2002). Common Ground. Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (5-6):701-721.

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