David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 16 (3):157-171 (2011)
Personality signatures are sets of if-then rules describing how a given person would feel or act in a specific situation. These rules can be used as the major premise of a deductive argument, but they are mostly processed for social cognition purposes; and this common usage is likely to leak into the way they are processed in a deductive reasoning context. It is hypothesised that agreement with a Modus Ponens argument featuring a personality signature as its major premise is affected by the reasoner's own propensity to display this personality signature. To test this prediction, Modus Ponens arguments were constructed from conditionally phrased items extracted from available personality scales. This allowed recording of (a) agreement with the conclusion of these arguments, and (b) the reasoner's propensity to display the personality signature, using as a proxy this reasoner's score on the personality scale without the items used in the argument. Three experiments ( N = 256, N = 318, N = 298) applied this procedure to Fairness, Responsive Joy, and Self-Control. These experiments yielded very comparable effects, establishing that a reasoner's propensity to display a given personality signature determines this reasoner's agreement with the conclusion of a Modus Ponens argument featuring the personality signature
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
K. P. Rankin, E. Baldwin, C. Pace-Savitsky, J. H. Kramer & B. L. Miller (2005). Self Awareness and Personality Change in Dementia. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 76 (5):632-639.
Mrinal Miri (1980). What is a Person. Distributors, Jain Book Depot.
Christopher Gill (1996). Personality in Greek Epic, Tragedy, and Philosophy: The Self in Dialogue. Clarendon Press.
S. Giora Shoham (2004). The Myth of Tantalus: A Scaffolding for an Ontological Personality Theory. Sussex Academic Press.
Margaret A. Boden (1994). Multiple Personality and Computational Models. Philosophy 37:103-114.
Peter Goldie (2004). On Personality. Routledge.
James T. Lamiell (1987). The Psychology of Personality: An Epistemological Inquiry. Columbia University Press.
Added to index2010-08-11
Total downloads11 ( #290,080 of 1,789,791 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #121,568 of 1,789,791 )
How can I increase my downloads?