David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Business Ethics 70 (3):221 - 234 (2007)
Using concepts from Ulrich Beck’s Risk Society, this paper argues that as expertise proliferates questions of ethics in decision-making fall through gaps between domains of expertise. As a consequence, unethical outcomes are unattached to actions taken with no one accountable or responsible for these outcomes. Using Actor-Network Theory (ANT), a case study is presented showing how the sale of students’ personal information by the Calgary Board of Education (CBE) escaped questions of ethics. The sale of student information was the product of the convergence of narrowly focussed technology and education expert actions and decisions with an earlier two-stage translation of privacy from a potential ethical issue to an issue of expert rule creation and interpretation. The purpose of this paper is to show, through an example, how questions of ethics are displaced in expert decision-making and to enable the public, managers, individuals and experts to recognize displacements and, through this, create a space for ethics to appear.
|Keywords||Ethics privacy actor-network theory experts accountability responsibility|
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References found in this work BETA
Herbert Marcuse (2013). One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society. Routledge.
Bruno Latour (1987). Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society. Harvard University Press.
Bruno Latour (1993). We Have Never Been Modern. Harvard University Press.
Bruno Latour (1999). Pandora's Hope: Essays on the Reality of Science Studies. Harvard University Press.
Ulrich Beck, Mark Ritter & Jennifer Brown (1993). Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. Environmental Values 2 (4):367-368.
Citations of this work BETA
Kirsten Martin (forthcoming). Understanding Privacy Online: Development of a Social Contract Approach to Privacy. Journal of Business Ethics.
David M. Wasieleski & Mordechai Gal-Or (2008). An Enquiry Into the Ethical Efficacy of the Use of Radio Frequency Identification Technology. Ethics and Information Technology 10 (1):27-40.
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