David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
This book provides a formal ontology of senses and the belief-relation that grounds the distinction between de dicto, de re, and de se beliefs as well as the opacity of belief reports. According to this ontology, the relata of the belief-relation are an agent and a special sort of object-dependent sense (a "thought-content"), the latter being an "abstract" property encoding various syntactic and semantic constraints on sentences of a language of thought. One bears the belief-relation to a thought-content T just in case one (is disposed as one who) inwardly affirms a certain sentence S of one’s language of thought that satisfies what T encodes, which in turn requires that S’s non-logical parts stand in appropriate semantical relations to items specified by T. Since these items may include other senses as well as ordinary objects, beliefs of arbitrary complexity are automatically accommodated. Within the framework of the formal ontology, a context-dependent compositional semantics is then provided for a fragment of regimented English capable of formulating ascriptions of belief—a semantics that treats substitutional opacity as a genuine semantic datum. Finally, the resulting picture of belief and its attribution is defended by showing how it solves standard puzzles, avoids objections to rival accounts, and satisfies certain adequacy conditions not fulfilled by traditional theories. Along the way, clarification and defense is offered for the ingredient conception of object-dependent senses, and it is shown how adoption of the language of thought hypothesis permits Bertrand Russell’s obscure doctrine of logical forms to be understood in a way that not only vindicates his Multiple Relation theory of de re belief but also reveals the connection between these logical forms and thought-contents.
|Keywords||Belief and doubt|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Buy the book||$115.46 used (58% off) $115.47 new (58% off) $239.57 direct from Amazon (11% off) Amazon page|
|Call number||BD215.B63 2007|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
María José Frápolli & Neftalí Villanueva (2012). Minimal Expressivism. Dialectica 66 (4):471-487.
Steven E. Boër (2009). Propositions and the Substitution Anomaly. Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (5):549 - 586.
Similar books and articles
Emar Maier (2006). Belief in Context: Towards a Unified Semantics of De Re and De Se Attitude Reports. Dissertation, Radboud University Nijmegen
David Christensen (2004). Putting Logic in its Place: Formal Constraints on Rational Belief. Oxford University Press.
A. N. Prior (1971). Objects of Thought. Oxford,Clarendon Press.
Henry Jackman (2003). Expression, Thought, and Language. Philosophia 31 (1-2):33-54.
Wolfgang Spohn (1996). On the Objects of Belief. In C. Stein & M. Textor (eds.), Intentional Phenomena in Context. Hamburg
John Perry (1979). The Problem of the Essential Indexical. Noûs 13 (December):3-21.
Robert C. Cummins (1991). Methodological Reflections on Belief. In R. Bogdan (ed.), Mind and Common Sense. Cambridge University Press 53--70.
Steven E. Boër (2003). Thought-Contents and the Formal Ontology of Sense. Journal of Philosophical Logic 32 (1):43-114.
John Cottingham (2009). Why Believe? Continuum.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads40 ( #82,419 of 1,725,418 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #268,739 of 1,725,418 )
How can I increase my downloads?